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Manufacture factory yarn produced by the flax industry

Manufacture factory yarn produced by the flax industry

Despite competition from China, India and the countries of Central Asia, textile production in Belarus is the largest in Eastern Europe and among the largest in Europe. It constitutes one of the biggest branches in Belarus over enterprises apart from man-made and flax processing plants. Manufacturing of fibres is an important traditional activity. The cultivation of flax, raw material for the production of linen, presents a competitive advantage of Belarusian industry.

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What is Linen Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where

About Linen. Linen is yarn, and fabric made from flax fibres. Before linen is produced, the fibre is first removed from the flax plant. Linen manufacturing is a complicated and lengthy process which requires great skill at each stage of production:.

Cultivating Flax Linen is a natural yarn or fabric which comes from the fibres of the stalk of the flax plant linum usitatissimum or "most useful linen". The soils most suitable for flax growth are rich loams, without too much clay. It has a single slender stem, with no branches apart from those bearing its flowers. The plant is sown in April, produces delicate blue flowers in June and harvesting is in August. The subtle intensity of the violet-blue flax flower is a sign of the finest fibres which are used to produce Thomas Ferguson Irish Linen.

Other varieties of flax have a pinkish white blossom and produce poorer fibres and yarns. There are three degrees in the ripening of the flax grown to produce linen: green, yellow and brown. The yellow has proved the most suitable for fibre production. Pulling the flax too early - green - produces very fine but weak fibres. On the other hand , in overripe flax - brown - the stems are strong but brittle but produce a high proportion of undesirable short fibres "'tow".

When the flax is yellow, the fibres are long and supple, and therefore ideal for further processing. After this when the flax is dry, the seeds get removed, and it is then retted. This is where the seeds get taken off the plant. Rippling involved combing the seeds off with a coarse comb. The flax fibres are held together in the stems by woody material and cellular tissue, and retting is where the de-seeded crop of flax straw is given a controlled chemical or biological treatment to make the fibre bundles more easy to separate from the woody part of the stem.

Flax is water-retted, dew-retted or chemically-retted. Water-retting is where the flax plants get pulled, tied in sheaves and put in special dams or ponds for one to two weeks. This method can cause pollution.

Today this method is seldom used in Europe, and water retting is more normally carried out in controlled conditions in tanks. With dew-retting the flax straw gets spread on the ground after pulling and left in the fields for 2 to 8 weeks, depending on the weather. This is the most common method in Western Europe, and is less expensive than water-retting in tanks.

This is a mechanical operation which, by breaking and beating the flax straw, separates the textile fibres in the plant stem from the woody matter which is then used for the manufacture of chipboard. No part of the flax plant gets wasted. Fibres are then hackled combed to separate long line and short tow fibres. Line fibres then go through a process of drafting and doubling, until a rove a slightly twisted sliver of flax fibre gets formed. They then undergo the wet spinning process.

Line fibres produce fine, strong yarn. Short tow fibres are dry spun and a heavy, coarse yarn results, ideal for use as furnishing fabrics, heavier apparel and knitwear. This rove is then spun into a yarn but during this process it gets soaked in warm water, which softens the natural gummy substances contained in the yarn and permits the individual fibrils within each fibre to slide over each other, thus producing a very fine and regular yarn.

This gets called "wet spinning". Fabric Manufacture. This is the stage where Thomas Ferguson gets involved. You are now invited to take a factory tour which tells the story of design, weaving, specialist cutting, bleaching, dyeing and finishing into Thomas Ferguson Irish Linen Cloth see below.

Thomas Ferguson weaves both plain and Jacquard woven fabrics. Although the company does consider itself to be a specialist in Jacquard weaving. You can view a virtual tour of our factory on our website, or book a real tour online. Interesting Facts FAQs.


Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn , yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes. Different types of fibres are used to produce yarn. Cotton remains the most important natural fibre, so is treated in depth.

Textile , any filament, fibre , or yarn that can be made into fabric or cloth, and the resulting material itself. It has, however, come to include fabrics produced by other methods.

The family business is currently run by the fourth generation of Vannestes : Alex Vanneste. We are modifying shortening and refining the long-staple flax and tow into a fiber with the characteristics of cotton, a artificial or synthetic fiber that is suitable to spin on the short staple ring or rotor spinning system. We are certainly the only linen tops supplier offering dyed colors. More than 40 reactive dyed shades are available from stock. All our yarns are spun with European flax selected in the best growing areas in France, Belgium and Nederland.

Company Profile

The term textile industry from the Latin texere, to weave was originally applied to the weaving of fabrics from fibres, but now it includes a broad range of other processes such as knitting, tufting, felting and so on. It has also been extended to include the making of yarn from natural or synthetic fibres as well as the finishing and dyeing of fabrics. In prehistoric eras, animal hair, plants and seeds were used to make fibres. Silk was introduced in China around BC, and in the middle of the 18th century AD, the first synthetic fibres were created. Silk is the only natural fibre formed in filaments which can be twisted together to make yarn. The other natural fibres must first be straightened, made parallel by combing and then drawn into a continuous yarn by spinning. The spindle is the earliest spinning tool; it was first mechanized in Europe around AD by the invention of the spinning wheel. The late 17th century saw the invention of the spinning jenny, which could operate a number of spindles simultaneously. The making of fabric had a similar history.

Linen Yarn

The Industries of Scotland Linen and Jute Manufacturers FROM the frequent mention of linen in the history of Scotland, it is evident that the inhabitants were acquainted with the processes of making cloth from flax six hundred years ago at least. Then placing themselves in battle array, and making a great show, they came down the hillside in face of the enemy with much noise and clamour. The English, supposing them to be a reinforcement coming to the Scots, turned and fled. At first the flax was grown, dressed, spun, and woven by the people for their own use; but towards the close of the sixteenth century linen goods formed the chief part of the exports from Scotland to foreign countries. About the same time a considerable quantity of Scotch linen found its way into England.

Yarn consists of several strands of material twisted together. Each strand is, in turn, made of fibers, all shorter than the piece of yarn that they form.

VUB a. VUB Co. A lot of important innovations - e. OE rotor spinning technology, multi-phase weaving technology - have come to the textile world just from this place.

Textile manufacture during the British Industrial Revolution

Superior quality knitted and woven fabric. Read More. A range of textiles for homes including lining bed linen.

Linen has exceptional properties thanks to nature, its composition and the structure of the flax fibers. But how does this wonderful plant actually become a yarn? Linen type spinning describes the spinning process of the linen plant, which also called flax. Other materials, such as cotton or polyester for example, should be processed by other techniques due to the practisability of linen type spinning. Linen type spinning is designed to process fibers that are not of uniform length due to the linen harvesting process and the different growth rates of the linen plants. Accordingly, a recommended cut- length does not exist for linen type spinning.

Textile manufacturing

Linen is a flax-based textile that is predominantly used for homeware applications. While linen is similar to cotton, it is made from fibers derived from the stems of the flax plant instead of the bolls that grow around cotton seeds. Garments made of linen are desirable in hot and humid climates. Unlike cotton, which tends to retain moisture for a significant period of time, linen dries quickly, which helps reduce heat retention in overly warm conditions. Manufacturing linen, however, is much more time and resource-intensive than making cotton, which has led to a steady reduction in popularity of this fabric that began with the invention of the cotton gin. Nevertheless, the unique desirable attributes of linen have prevented the total cessation of global production of this textile, and certain countries, such as China, continue to make linen in reasonably large quantities.

The cultivation of flax, raw material for the production of linen, presents a the production of linen fibres, Belarus has a long tradition in the manufacturing of of natural (cotton, wool, flax) and manmade fibres for textile and technical yarns.

Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution in Britain was centred in south Lancashire and the towns on both sides of the Pennines. The main key drivers of the Industrial Revolution were textile manufacturing , iron founding , steam power , oil drilling, the discovery of electricity and its many industrial applications, the telegraph and many others. Railroads, steam boats, the telegraph and other innovations massively increased worker productivity and raised standards of living by greatly reducing time spent during travel, transportation and communications. Before the 18th century, the manufacture of cloth was performed by individual workers, in the premises in which they lived and goods were transported around the country by packhorses or by river navigations and contour-following canals that had been constructed in the early 18th century. In the midth century, artisans were inventing ways to become more productive.

Factory Price Production Line Wet Flax Yarn Ring Spinning Machine

Click here to enable JavaScript in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. At Sintex Yarns, we work with unparalleled technology that can process this cotton into high-quality sustainable yarns. We have set up a one-of-a-kind plant not only in terms of capacity but also in terms of location and operational methods.

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The total scale of linen yarn production of Kingdom has reached , spindles with an annual production capacity of more than 18, tons of wet spun linen yarn and it is currently the one of largest linen yarn manufacturers in the world. Kingdom always commit to sustainable development, therefore, it has introduced advanced textile equipment from countries like Germany, France and Italy. Kingdom can produce the most extensive range of product specifications of linen yarn from 3. Kingdom attaches great importance to the proprietary intellectual property rights and is actively developing its own brands. It is one of the best brands recognized by the global textile industry.

Linen yarn is spun from the long fibers found just behind the bark in the multi-layer stem of the flax plant Linum usitatissimum. In order to retrieve the fibers from the plant, the woody stem and the inner pith called pectin , which holds the fibers together in a clump, must be rotted away. The cellulose fiber from the stem is spinnable and is used in the production of linen thread, cordage, and twine. From linen thread or yarn, fine toweling and dress fabrics may be woven. Linen fabric is a popular choice for warm-weather clothing. It feels cool in the summer but appears crisp and fresh even in hot weather. Household linens truly made of linen become more supple and soft to the touch with use; thus, linen was once the bedsheet of choice.

About Linen. Linen is yarn, and fabric made from flax fibres. Before linen is produced, the fibre is first removed from the flax plant. Linen manufacturing is a complicated and lengthy process which requires great skill at each stage of production:.

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