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Manufacture finished silk fabrics

Manufacture finished silk fabrics

Before the Industrial Revolution, the creation of a patterned silk textile required a skilled weaver and a considerable investment in equipment and raw materials. As a result, patterned silks and velvets , especially those embellished with precious metal threads, were produced in relatively few major centers in Europe where raw materials, specialized looms, and skilled artisans could be gathered together efficiently. Patterned silk velvet was the most expensive and prestigious of all woven textiles, but other patterned silks, such as damasks and brocades, were costly as well. The city-states of the Italian peninsula produced the majority of European luxury silks during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, and continued to dominate the production of luxury textiles well into the seventeenth century. During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Venice and Florence were renowned for their sumptuous velvets incorporating gold and silver threads with large floral patterns after the pomegranate motif.

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Silk’s history and manufacturing

Probably it is the unique example of insect completely domesticated. The Chinese kept the secret of the silk-thread production for ages selling the products at a very high price. Only towards or A. As regards Italy, silk manufacture extended from Sicily to other provinces; but from the the breeding interested more the Center-North ones. Hundred of thousands people could work in the various operating cycles. Today, the silkworm-breeding and the silk reeling have given up in Italy.

Silk as raw material is imported from China and South America. Instead the weaving, dyeing and printing works are still active and represent a fundamental landmark all over the word.

Silk is imported from China and in very small quantities from other countries. It can be imported as unbleached yarn hank seldom already on reel, or woven in smooth twill, satin, crepe de chine or jacquard fabrics. The silk fabrics, coming from China arrive in Italy already boiled off.

These rolls are often boiled off again in Italy, in order to eliminate incidental residues on the fabric. Of course for each woven article there are particular processing. To realize dyed yarn, jacquard or diapered fabrics they start from a pattern realized by the artist and turned on millimeter paper by the technician, then turned into bored cardboard which drives the threads moved by the jacquard machine. This operation is almost completely made by a computer that drives the machines.

The unbleached fabric realized by several weaves and patterns in order to be prepared for dyeing or printing must be boiled off.

It is dipped in a soap and water bath. Silk is now ready to be dyed, printed and finished. DYEING: after being boiled off, the silk fabric is dyed by several different machines, chosen according to the article and its weight. The dyeing is made into hot water with dyestuff, in conformity with the required fastness and with the subsequent processing.

When dyeing and drying are over they can do the finishing. The patterns are realized inside the factory or bought from external professional men. The colour selection is made by the photo-engraver and his tracer according to a particular expressive language which allows to obtain a fabric with the same effects of the pattern.

If a pattern is composed of 6 or 12 colours, the tracer will make 6 or 12 tracings, each of them of only one color. When illuminated the gelatin becomes insoluble, while the part sheltered by the shady ink dissolves in water: after that on the frame the required drawing becomes visible. The more are the colours the more are the frames. A pattern can be of one colour i. On an average one there are colours a pattern. Each frame before to be consigned to the printer is tested in the photo-engraving on a small print table.

A great help to realize tracings comes from CAD programs that can do the direct engraving of the print frames. Silk can be printed also by a rotary press or a calender. This printing method is used for middle-high quantities with drawing ratios limited by the calender circumference.

The engraving method is like the one described for the frames and also in this case there is a calender of each colour. PRINTING: after preparing the print pulp by a complex and scrupulous procedure with the colours used by the stylist, they decided which machine to utilize for the printing in accordance with the kind and the quantity of the fabric and with the pattern peculiarity.

The printer with the help of an assistant used to work manually. They laid the frame on the fabric and smeared the colour with a spatula inside the frame.

This work was repeated along the whole table about 40 mt. This treatment was repeated for each color. Nowadays this procedure is done by computerized pneumatic machines trucks or rotative tables. When they must print high quantities mt.

By this system they print all the pattern colours simultaneously. They can print maximum about colours. Whatever the printing system is, the fabric must be dried an vaporized to fix the colour to the fiber. The thick part and the marks of color left the ones not fixed by the vaporization are eliminated by a strong final washing. After the drying the fabric will be ironed and finished by the rameuse.

Autor: Dr. Silk manufacture: from the thread to the finished goods Silk is imported from China and in very small quantities from other countries. After being processed and throwed the silk thread is utilized for two important kinds of: 1-It can be DYED YARN package or hank dyed , then woven to realize smooth fabrics, jacquard, stripped, tartan, etc.

The Manufacture Of Silk Waste

Probably it is the unique example of insect completely domesticated. The Chinese kept the secret of the silk-thread production for ages selling the products at a very high price. Only towards or A. As regards Italy, silk manufacture extended from Sicily to other provinces; but from the the breeding interested more the Center-North ones. Hundred of thousands people could work in the various operating cycles.

In textile manufacturing , finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" feel of the finish textile or clothing. Some finishing techniques such as bleaching and dyeing are applied to yarn before it is woven while others are applied to the grey cloth directly after it is woven or knitted. In order to impart the required functional properties to the fiber or fabric, it is customary to subject the material to different types of physical and chemical treatments.

The Company has built lasting relationships with partners, suppliers and employees, based on trust and respect, hence ensuring the development and longevity of the sector. From yarn to finished fabric, BENAUD creates a synergy between all stakeholders to bring quality textile solutions though a creative approach. Moire, coating, embroidery, embossing, laminating, finishing techniques, flocking and various impressions, make a wide range of creations possible. Exclusive know how — Design and production in Lyon, France. La Maison BENAUD, through its heritage and strong partnerships, creates and manufactures unique, innovative, and technical collections of fabrics.

Raw Silk Broadcloth

Founded in by Rachele Clerici and her husband Alessandro Tessuto as a company for trading in silk fabrics, the company is now in its fourth generation, with the present Alessandro Tessuto as its CEO and his daughter Sara as communication manager. The company now owns a complete small scale textiles production chain, which employs more than employees, covering the entire finishing cycle of silk and other natural fibres. Ambrogio Pessina Srl di Montano Lucino: associate company; this is a dye works specialising in cone dyeing silk yarns to be used for the manufacture of fabrics for clothing, ties and home furnishings. SpA di Grandate: this is the parent company and driver of the entire production chain and sales. Equipped with extremely modern facilities, it is an effective and flexible part of Clerici Tessuto group, with a low environmental impact. Part of the manufacturing output is on behalf of other companies. Tintoria MCM Srl of Como: associate company specialized in high quality dyeing and finishing of silk fabrics. The group has a logistics hub at Villa Guardia covering an area of more than more than square metres.

silk fabrics - production - Import export

When James Haskell founded his silk company in Westbrook in , American silk mills were proliferating. Silk manufacturing, which had always been a handcraft, was a mechanized industry by the post Civil War years, powered by American inventions. By the late 19th century, Haskell and others relied primarily on Japanese raw silk filament , turning out previously unimaginable quantities of affordable silk goods and ending American reliance on expensive imports. Before the Civil War, however, American interest in silk production was virtually a cottage industry. To help launch the American industry to make silk fabrics and become less reliant on foreign silk textiles the Secretary of the Treasury had published an instructional silk manual known as the "Rush Letter" in

It has extremely high tensile strength - higher than any other fiber.

Even before the United States entered the First World War in , procurement officers for the armed forces began to look for sources for the vast array of goods that the American military would need to go to war across the ocean. A particular kind of silk fiber was high on their list of necessary goods. Spun silk yarns and silk noils short or uneven fibers that can't be used to make the most expensive dress silks were required by the army and the navy.

Maine History Online

Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn , yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes. Different types of fibres are used to produce yarn.

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Silk has set the standard in luxury fabrics for several millennia. Silk is highly valued because it possesses many excellent properties. Not only does it look lustrous and feel luxurious, but it is also lightweight, resilient, and extremely strong— the strongest natural fiber known to man, one filament of silk is stronger then a comparable filament of steel! Although fabric manufacturers have created less costly alternatives to silk, such as nylon and polyester, silk is still in a class by itself. The origins of silk date back to ancient China.

Post-World War I tales: A silk surplus, armistice fashion, and a philanthropic innovator

We prepare all of our fabrics for printing, then print, finish, inspect, and ship from our facility in Westerly, Rhode Island. As a contract fabric printer, we offer exceptional quality to the high end decorator market. Our ability to offer low minimum yardage production also makes our fabric printing service available to artisans, textile designers, boutique interior designers and other new entries in the market. Contact Us. Griswold Textile Print, Inc.

The company now owns a complete small scale textiles production chain, which employs more than employees, covering the entire finishing cycle of silk.

Refine your search. We sell worldwide, selling a wide range of fabrics , including many fantasy fabrics and fabrics with printed motifs. You will also find printed fabrics , Find out about this company. WEFT: an emblematic brand produces collections of fabrics for women's clothing, particularly for the mid to high ranges of ready-to-wear items.

Our Hand Silk Screen Process

Very often, the visual splendour created by those manufacturers demonstrates the technological advance of the company and makes the brand a desired partner of the leading fashion houses. What can be more appealing than flaring in the dress that looks so much familiar with something they have all seen on catwalks a couple weeks ago? All these dreams come true once you know the place where any fabric from the world of haute couture can be found. Very often, one glance is enough to notice some features that are not quite specific even for conventional fabrics from the renowned manufacturers.

Antiques Digest. Browse Auctions. As in the manufacture of cotton and wool, there is considerable waste of raw material in the many processes and machines that are required.

Report by States, with statistics for principal cities. Report for principal industries.

Silk has set the standard in luxury fabrics for several millennia. The origins of silk date back to Ancient China. Legend has it that a Chinese princess was sipping tea in her garden when a cocoon fell into her cup, and the hot tea loosened the long strand of silk. Ancient literature, however, attributes the popularization of silk to the Chinese Empress Si-Ling, to around B.

Все равно сейчас ТРАНСТЕКСТ - это всего лишь дырка в земле. Так какая разница. Повисла тишина. Фонтейн, видимо, размышлял. Сьюзан попробовала что-то сказать, но Джабба ее перебил: - Чего вы ждете, директор. Позвоните Танкадо. Скажите, что вы согласны на его условия.

Монитор погас. Когда Сьюзан вернулась в Третий узел, Грег Хейл как ни в чем не бывало тихо сидел за своим терминалом. ГЛАВА 30 Альфонсо XIII оказался небольшим четырехзвездочным отелем, расположенным в некотором отдалении от Пуэрта-де-Хереса и окруженным кованой чугунной оградой и кустами сирени. Поднявшись по мраморным ступенькам, Дэвид подошел к двери, и она точно по волшебству открылась.

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  1. Zuramar

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