Product plant horse breeding, donkeys and mules
You've likely made a resolution in the past that turned out My recommendation? Resolve to take back control of It concurred naturally enuff times for humans to figure it out and exploit the positives. A Mule or Hinny is sterile and cannot conceive. Although the Chinese claim it is possible.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: What is a MULE? 2nd version
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- What to feed your donkeys
- Feeding Donkeys
- Donkeys’ Unique Nutritional Needs
- Donkeys in Tanzania are starving after rains fail
- Nearly 500 donkeys sentenced to slaughter saved from ‘death farm’ *Warning: upsetting image*
- Where Can I Find Barley Straw to Feed My Donkey?
- Horses, donkeys and mules and their utility
What to feed your donkeys
Equus mulus [ citation needed ]. A hinny is a domestic equine hybrid that is the offspring of a male horse a stallion and a female donkey a jenny.
It is the reciprocal cross to the more common mule , which is the product of a male donkey, a jack, and a female horse, a mare. The hinny is distinctive from the mule both in physiology and temperament as a consequence of genomic imprinting.
Hinnies are the reciprocal cross to the more common mule. Comparatively, the average hinny has a smaller stature, shorter ears, stronger legs, and a thicker mane than the average mule. The distinct phenotypes of the hinny and the mule are partly attributable to genomic imprinting—an element of epigenetic inheritance. Physiological arguments for the differing stature of the hinny and the mule cite the smaller womb of the female donkey dam versus the larger womb of the female horse mare.
Growth potential of equine offspring may be influenced by the size of the dam's womb. The American Donkey and Mule Society ADMS appears to interpret these differences as wholly physiological, stating: "The genetic inheritance of the hinny is exactly the same as the mule. Like mules, hinnies express broad variation in stature.
Thus, a hinny is restricted to being about the size of the largest breed of donkey. Mules, however, have a female horse as a parent, so they can be as large as the size of the largest breed of horse, such as those foaled from work horse mares such as the Belgian.
Physical differences between hinnies and mules are not restricted to stature. The head of a hinny is said to resemble that of a horse more than it does a mule's, with shorter ears although these are still longer than those of horses , and more horse-like manes and tails than mules.
Beyond the physiological, hinnies and mules differ in temperament despite sharing nuclear genomes. This, too, is believed to be attributable to the action of imprinted genes.
A male hinny is properly called a horse hinny , and a female hinny is properly called a mare hinny , though in British English both female hinnies and female donkeys are sometimes called jennets. Hinnies are difficult to obtain because of the differences in the number of chromosomes of the horse and the donkey. A donkey has 62 chromosomes, whereas a horse has Hinnies, being hybrids of those two species , have 63 chromosomes and are in the majority of cases sterile. The uneven number of chromosomes results in an incomplete reproductive system.
According to the ADMS: "The equine hybrid is easier to obtain when the lower chromosome count, the donkey, is in the male. Therefore breeding for hinnies is more hit-and-miss than breeding for mules.
The male hinny or mule can and will mate, but the emission is not fertile. Male hinnies and mules are usually castrated to help control their behavior by eliminating their interest in females. Female hinnies and mules are not customarily spayed, and may or may not go through estrus. Female mules have been known, on rare occasions, to produce offspring when mated to a horse or donkey, although this is extremely uncommon. Since , sixty cases of foals born to female mules around the world have been documented.
Namely, in China , in , a hinny mare proved fertile with a donkey sire. When the Chinese hinny was bred to a jack, she produced the so-called "Dragon Foal", which resembled a donkey with mule-like features. Hinnies are rare for many other reasons. Donkey jennies and horse stallions can be choosier about their mates than horse mares and donkey jacks.
Even if they do cooperate, donkey jennies are less likely to conceive when bred to a horse stallion than horse mares are when bred to a donkey jack. Breeding large hinnies is an even bigger challenge, as it requires stock from a jenny of large size, such as the Baudet de Poitou or American Mammoth Donkey. Mammoth donkey stock is becoming increasingly rare and has been declared an endangered domestic breed.
Fanciers are unlikely to devote a Mammoth jenny's valuable breeding time to producing sterile hinny hybrids, when Mammoth jennies are in high demand to produce fertile purebred Mammoth foals.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Conservation status. Is genomic imprinting the software of evolution or just a battleground for gender conflict? EMBO Reports. American Donkey and Mule Society.
May 22, Retrieved Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. BBC News. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Equus genus. List of donkey breeds Donkey Zebra Onager. Hinny Mule Zebroid.
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As donkey owners or guardians, we always make sure we feed our donkeys with the right foods to ensure they stay healthy. Donkey nutrition varies from animal to animal depending on their age and health requirements. In their natural habitat donkeys will browse, eating highly fibrous plant material in small quantities throughout the day. During the spring and summer the donkeys at The Donkey Sanctuary have access to restricted grazing.
American Mule Museum. History of the Mule by Dave Babb The exact origin of the mule may be somewhat difficult to determine, but its ancestry must begin with the origin of its parents - - the wild ass donkey and the horse. Mules, therefore, must have been bred in the wild in areas where both the wild ass and horse occupied the same territory. Mules in Ancient Times The mule has been deliberately bred by man since ancient times.
Donkeys’ Unique Nutritional Needs
In the equine world we certainly do see variation. From Quarter Horses to Arabians, from miniature horses to draft horses — we all know that our equine friends come in all shapes, sizes and colors. But with horses we can usually apply certain rules for feeding across a large variety of breeds with minimal adjustments. Donkeys are something all together different. While they are related to horses and considered an equid, the way their digestive system functions is much different — donkeys have actually been compared to small ruminants in their capabilities to digest and utilize fiber. While under a visual inspection the digestive tract of a donkey and horse is the same, the way donkeys ferment and use fiber is unique. Due to their typical desert diet, their digestive system is much more efficient than that of a horse, and therefore donkeys require a different feeding strategy.
Donkeys in Tanzania are starving after rains fail
Equus mulus [ citation needed ]. A hinny is a domestic equine hybrid that is the offspring of a male horse a stallion and a female donkey a jenny. It is the reciprocal cross to the more common mule , which is the product of a male donkey, a jack, and a female horse, a mare. The hinny is distinctive from the mule both in physiology and temperament as a consequence of genomic imprinting. Hinnies are the reciprocal cross to the more common mule.
Donkeys are used throughout the world as guard animals for protecting small ruminants sheep, goats, llamas , as companion animals for people, foals, etc. The mare and donkey are also bred to horses to produce mules or hinnies, respectively. Donkey medicine can be fun and rewarding and a break from routine equine practice. The jenny jennet is very similar in many reproductive aspects to the horse mare.
Nearly 500 donkeys sentenced to slaughter saved from ‘death farm’ *Warning: upsetting image*
Author Ann Norton Greene is a historian of science; her writing has an academic flavor. No great flights of prose, but the subject is interesting and she makes good anecdote choices If I were to write or read a book on any subject I would want it to be a thorough and insightful as Greene's.
A charity is calling on supporters to donate urgent funds this Christmas to help starving donkeys in Tanzania. On a visit to the Dodama region of the country in November, The Donkey Sanctuary found 2, donkeys with nothing left to eat. The equines support families in the area. Rain is hoped to fall in January, but it will be another four to six weeks afterwards before the plants begin to grow again. The rain has failed for two years now, turning the area into a desert.
Where Can I Find Barley Straw to Feed My Donkey?
A Mule is the product of breeding a male donkey with a female horse. Because genetic research shows us that the donkey and the horse are separate species, their offspring, the Mule, is a genetic hybrid. Read on to learn about the Mule. Just like you might expect, this hybrid looks like a mixture between a donkey and a horse. Its body is slightly stouter than an average horse, but leaner than a donkey. Its ears are also slightly longer than those of a horse, but shorter than those of a donkey. These creatures typically stand just over 4 ft. However, miniature varieties sometimes weigh as little as 50 lbs.
Chapter 5: Horses, donkeys and mules Unit How to restrain horses, donkeys and mules Unit How to age horses Unit Hoof foot care, shoeing and lameness Unit Colic Unit Internal parasites of equines Unit Skin and coat disorders of equines Unit Heat oestrus , mating and pregnancy Unit Foaling and caring for the young Unit Stabling and grazing Unit Feed and water for equines Unit Grooming and tackle tack Unit African horse sickness. Horses, donkeys and mules are called equines. Equines can kick and bite and there are a number of different ways to control these animals in order to examine, treat or shoe them. Learning objectives After studying this unit you should know: 1 What are equines. Equine animals Equines are the members of the horse family and have single hoofed feet.
Horses, donkeys and mules and their utility
The International Museum of the Horse. Slideshow : Beautiful horses. Donkeys, zebras and mules all differ somewhat from horses in conformation.
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