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Production plant livestock Products

Production plant livestock Products

The following list, derived from the statistics of the Food and Agriculture Organization FAO unless otherwise noted, lists the most important agricultural products produced by the countries of the world. The data in this article, unless otherwise noted, is for The value and production of individual crops varies substantially from year to year as prices fluctuate on the world and country markets and weather and other factors influence production. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on Retrieved

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Animal production

Feeding the world in a sustainable way is one of our most pressing challenges in the coming decades. Meat plays a pivotal role in this. Meat is an important source of nutrition for many people around the world. Global demand for meat is growing: over the past 50 years, meat production has more than quadrupled. The world now produces more than million tonnes each year. But the production of meat has large environmental impacts — increasing greenhouse gas emissions , agricultural land and freshwater use.

Seafood production — fish and seafood is another key source of protein and nutrition for populations across the world. How much fish do people eat, and what are the environmental impacts? Diet compositions — varied diets are essential for good health and nutrition. But the quality and diversity of diets varies significantly across the world. What do people eat? Micronutrient deficiency — poor dietary diversity means many people lack the essential vitamins and minerals they need for good health.

How common is micronutrient deficiency and who is most at risk? In this entry we look in detail at land use across the world. Global meat production has increased rapidly over the past 50 years — as we see, total production has more than quadrupled since The chart shows global meat production by region, measured in tonnes. Regionally, Asia is the largest meat producer, accounting for around percent of total meat production. This regional distribution has changed significantly in recent decades.

In , Europe and North America were the dominant meat producers, accounting for 42 and 25 percent, respectively.

In , Asia produced only 12 percent. Production increases in Asia, however, have been staggering: meat production has increased fold since Absolute increases in production in other regions have also been substantial, with output in all regions with exception to the Caribbean which approximately tripled growing more than 5-fold over this period. However, the distribution of meat types varies significantly across the world; in some countries, other meat types such as wild game, horse, and duck can account for a significant share of total production.

Although production of all major meat types have been increasing in absolute terms, in relative terms the share of global meat types have changed significantly over the last 50 years. In , poultry meat accounted for only 12 percent of global meat production; by its share has approximately tripled to around 35 percent. In comparison, beef and buffalo meat as a share of total meat production has nearly halved, now accounting for around 22 percent. In the chart we see the global production of cattle beef and buffalo meat.

Globally, cattle meat production has more than doubled since — increasing from 28 million tonnes per year to 68 million tonnes in Global production of poultry meat has increased rapidly over the last 50 years, growing more than fold between Global trends in poultry production are shown in the chart.

China and Brazil are also large poultry producers at 18 and 13 million tonnes, respectively. Collectively, Europe is also a major poultry producer with an ouput in of approximately 19 million tonnes — just below output of the United States. China dominates global output, producing just short of half of total pigmeat in Increases in Chinese pigmeat production have been rapid, growing around fold from 1.

Global population has underwent rapid growth , especially in the second half of the 20th century; we may therefore also expect the rapid growth in total meat production as explored in the sections above. But how has meat consumption changed on a per capita basis? In the chart we see a global map of per capita meat excluding seafood and fish consumption, measured in kilograms per person per year.

As a global average, per capita meat consumption has increased approximately 20 kilograms since ; the average person consumed around 43 kilograms of meat in This increase in per capita meat trends means total meat production has been growing at a much faster than the rate of population growth. The direction and rate of change across countries has highly variable. Growth in per capita meat consumption has been most marked in countries who have underwent a strong economic transition — per capita consumption in China has grown approximately fold since ; rates in Brazil have nearly quadrupled.

The major exception to this pattern has been India: dominant lactovegetarian preferences mean per capita meat consumption in was almost exactly the same as in at less than 4 kilograms per person. Meat consumption is highest across high-income countries with the largest meat-eaters in Australia, consuming around kilograms per person in However, changes in consumption in high-income countries have been much slower — with most stagnating or even decreasing over the last 50 years. Consumption trends across Africa are varied; some countries consume as low as 10 kilograms per person, around half of the continental average.

Higher-income nations such as South Africa consume between kilograms per person. One of the strongest determinants of how much meat people eat is how rich they are.

This is at least true when we make cross-country comparisons. In the scatterplot we see the relationship between per capita meat supply on the y-axis and average GDP per capita on the x-axis. What we see is a strong positive relationship: the richer a country is, the more meat the average person typically eats. Overall, countries tend to shift upwards and to the right: getting richer and eating more meat. What preferences do we have in terms of the types of meat we eat? Consumption trends vary significantly across the world.

In China, pigmeat accounts for around two-thirds of per capita meat consumption. In Argentina, beef and buffalo meat dominates, accounting for more than half of consumption. Whilst other meat types such as wild game, horse, and rabbit meat account for a very small fraction of meat consumption at the global level, around one-quarter of meat in Gabon comes from such sources this has declined from around 70 percent in The visualization details the total number of livestock animals slaughtered for meat in the given year.

This is shown across various types of livestock. Here these figures represent the total number slaughtered for meat production which does not include those use primarily for dairy or egg production which are not eventually used for meat. In , an estimated 62 billion chickens; 1. This is not to be confused with figures above which represent the total number of livestock animals slaughtered or used for meat in any given year.

You can find data and research on fish and seafood production and consumption across the world in our entry here. This is measured in mass quantities — such as tonnes or kilograms. These sheets account for losses and allocations in the food system, including imports, exports, stock variations, seed, animal feed, other industrial uses , and food losses.

To derive the average per capita food supply, this total figure is divided by the population size. This figure can be considered to be the average level of food intake however it does not account for food wastage at the consumer level i. Feed conversion ratio FCR is used to measure the mass quantity of feed required to produce one kilogram of animal product e. For example, on average, we have to feed cattle 25 kilograms of feed to produce one kilogram of beef or buffalo meat — this would give us an FCR value of 0.

The same calculation process applies for energy conversion efficiency using caloric inputs and outputs. Environmental footprints, such as those defined as land use requirements or greenhouse gas emissions per unit mass, protein or calorie of food products are calculated using a process called life-cycle analysis LCA.

LCA methods are used to try to fully capture all environmental impacts across the value chain, and can include those up and downstream of production. This includes food chain inputs such as fertilizer production and application, seed production, energy use on-farm, feed production, manure production if used as fertilizer , manure management, farm infrastructure construction. Life-cycle analyses LCAs attempt to fully quantity all such inputs necessary for the production of a food production.

Summary The world now produces more than four times the quantity of meat as it did fifty years ago. In , production was around million tonnes. Pigmeat is the most popular meat globally, but the production of poultry is increasing most rapidly.

Tens of billions of chickens; billions of pigs; and hundreds of millions of sheep, goats and cattle are slaughtered each year for meat. The average person in the world consumed around 43 kilograms of meat in This ranges from over kg in the US and Australia to only 5kg in India. Meat consumption increases as the world is getting richer. The world now produces around million tonnes of milk each year — more than double the amount fifty years ago.

Richer countries tend to consume more milk per person. The amount of meat produced for a given animal varies significantly across the world based on production systems. Livestock production has large environmental impacts on greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use. Beef and lamb have much larger environmental impact than pigmeat and poultry.

Meat production by region. Click to open interactive version. In the chart we see how meat production has changed by livestock type since Beef and buffalo cattle meat production. Poultry production. Pigmeat production. Since , global pigmeat production has grown fold to million tonnes in Global livestock numbers over the long-term.

Number of cattle. Number of poultry birds. Number of pigs. Seafood production You can find data and research on fish and seafood production and consumption across the world in our entry here. Cattle meat per animal. Poultry meat per animal.

Global food supply: land use efficiency of livestock systems

Federal government websites always use a. Rangelands provide the principal source of forage for the cattle and sheep operations on thousands of American farms and ranches. As human populations increase and demand for food and energy expands, the need for forage and the other range resources will increase.

Livestock already use most global agricultural land, whereas the demand for animal-source food ASF is expected to increase. To address the contribution of livestock to global food supply, we need a measure for land use efficiency of livestock systems.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Understanding the place of animal feeding operations in the U. This chapter starts with information on the overall size of the major livestock feeding operations cattle, swine, dairy cows, and poultry and their relationship to crop agriculture.

Organic Livestock Production

The world's livestock sector is undergoing a massive transformation, fuelled by high demand for meat and milk, which in developing countries is likely to double over the next two decades. Global food demand is shifting from grains and other staple crops to processed food and high-value agricultural products, such as vegetables, fruits, meat and dairy. The major driving force behind this soaring demand for livestock products is a combination of population growth, urbanization and income growth and the increasing demand for variety to meet the changing consumer preferences, especially in emerging economies in Asia and Latin America. The changes in production, procurement, processing and retailing of food, along with environmental and food safety concerns, erosion of animal genetic resources, climate change and the risk of emerging infectious diseases, threaten the potential of the small-scale farmer to benefit from the on-going livestock revolution. The Animal Production and Health Sub-programme assists Member States to improve livestock productivity through the efficient use of locally available feed resources, adequate management practices and breeding programmes for indigenous and upgraded animals, and diagnostic tools and prophylactic measures for the control and prevention of animal and zoonotic diseases. If future food demand is to be met, increased outputs will have to come mainly from intensified and more efficient use of the land, water and plant and animal genetic potential, fisheries and forestry resources that smallholder farmer in developing and transition countries have at their disposal. Smallholder farms around the world are home to approximately two billion people, making up one third of the global population thus representing a major component of local and national consumption and international trade. Promoting livestock production sustainability - through integrated approaches The world's livestock sector is undergoing a massive transformation, fuelled by high demand for meat and milk, which in developing countries is likely to double over the next two decades. Resources Databases Meetings Publications Multimedia.

Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects

Search Agriculture manitoba. Enter Keywords. There is a growing market for organic meat and organic livestock production can contribute to animal welfare and environmental protection. The links on this page will help you explore the practices and markets. Although livestock are usually the last part of the farm to be certified organic, they are often central to the farm and can contribute to its success.

Livestock production contributes to sustainability through use of uncultivable land for food production, conversion of energy and protein sources that cannot be used by humans into highly nutritious animal-sourced food and reduction of environmental pollution with agroindustrial by-products, while generating income and supporting livelihoods of millions of people all over the world. Some livestock systems are particularly effective at carbon sequestration and hence reducing greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming.

Feeding the world in a sustainable way is one of our most pressing challenges in the coming decades. Meat plays a pivotal role in this. Meat is an important source of nutrition for many people around the world. Global demand for meat is growing: over the past 50 years, meat production has more than quadrupled.

Extensive livestock production

The size and characteristics of the water footprint vary across animal types and production systems. Per ton of product, animal products generally have a larger water footprint than crop products. The same is true when we look at the water footprint per calorie. The average water footprint per calorie for beef is twenty times larger than for cereals and starchy roots.

Providing cutting-edge scholarly communications to worldwide, enabling them to utilize available resources effectively. We aim to bring about a change in modern scholarly communications through the effective use of editorial and publishing polices. R Trevor Wilson. This paper reviews some major aspects of the livestock sector in the Republic of the Sudan. The country has one of the largest livestock populations in Africa.

List of most valuable crops and livestock products

ANNEX 1. The principles set out in this Annex should have been applied on the parcels, farm or farm units during a conversion period of at least two years before sowing, or in the case of perennial crops other than grassland, at least three 3 years before the first harvest of products as referred to in paragraph 1. The competent authority, or where delegated, the official or officially recognized certification body or authority may decide in certain cases such as idle use for two years or more to extend or reduce that period in the light of previous parcel use but the period must equal or exceed 12 months. Whatever the length of the conversion period it may only begin once a production unit has been placed under an inspection system as required by 6. In cases where a whole farm is not converted at one time, it may be done progressively whereby these guidelines are applied from the start of conversion on the relevant fields.

Jump to Sustainable Livestock Production for Human Nutrition - Assessment of sustainability of livestock food livestock systems provide nutrient-rich products that are Compared with plant foods, animal-sourced foods provide dense.

Consolidation in agriculture is the shift toward fewer and larger farms. The number of U. Over the same period, the average number of hogs per farm increased from 37 to 1, Most 60 percent hogs in the U. Average per capita availability of animal products,

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Video conference on additional measures of state support for livestock farming. Dmitry Medvedev: Good afternoon to all those present here and to those on a video linkup. This meeting was planned in advance. We are focusing on one of the key current agricultural problems, regarding additional measures for supporting livestock farming.

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Extensive livestock production is an animal farming system characterised by a low productivity per animal and per surface. It uses small amounts of inputs, capital, and labour compared to the farmed land area. Extensive livestock production systems usually have a low stocking rate and are essentially based on grazing permanent grasslands, natural pastures….

All the contents of www. The Project envisages the development of a common methodology for the preparation, storage, dissemination and evaluation of scientific literature in electronic format.

The livestock sector globally is highly dynamic. In developing countries, it is evolving in response to rapidly increasing demand for livestock products. In developed countries, demand for livestock products is stagnating, while many production systems are increasing their efficiency and environmental sustainability. Historical changes in the demand for livestock products have been largely driven by human population growth, income growth and urbanization and the production response in different livestock systems has been associated with science and technology as well as increases in animal numbers.

Industrial Food Animal Production

May 18 and 19, United States. Select Committee on Small Business. Reviews market forecast of livestock exports, examining domestic and foreign beef production, trade policies, and consumer preferences. Survey and analysis of meatpacking industry. Decision of the Secretary of Commerce modifying export order on cattle. Current freight rates to EuropeBeef products.

Meat and Dairy Production

The type and importance of animal species that are used for livestock production varies between regions and with the categories of livestock owners. The different species play important roles for food production and income generation and have also other important non-food functions. Efficient livestock production requires good management practices which include appropriate feeding and health care and the selection and development of breeds that are well adapted to the specific production environments. Infographic: Egg Facts.

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