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Manufacturing commercial sweet foods, semi-finished products of flour products and milk concentrates

Manufacturing commercial sweet foods, semi-finished products of flour products and milk concentrates

Although the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations SFCR came into force on January 15, , certain requirements are being phased in over the following 12 to 30 months. For more information, refer to the SFCR timelines. To find out if and when your business requires a licence, use the following information resources:. If you need a licence and you are ready to apply, review the information outlined in this document.

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Food products (VAT Notice 701/14)

Dates are ambiguous in the sense that, depending on the stage of maturity, they can either be classified as a fruit, comparable to any other fruit consumed between meals, or alternatively, as a food source as part of the daily meal, in particular in the rural areas of the date producing countries.

Though not a true staple food by definition like rice, potatoes or cassava, dates, on occasion, have been forced to play this role for lack of other staples. In recent times, either because of a decreasing demand for table dates or in an effort to make better use of off-grade fruit, there has been a renewed interest in the date as a food source, not necessarily as a staple food, but rather as a component in food preparations like sweets, confectionery, baking products, institutional feeding and health foods.

In this Chapter a review is made of the use or potential use of dates in combination with other foodstuffs. Only the use of the whole date flesh is considered and therefore all quality standards as imposed on whole dates, except perhaps for blemishes and other external defects, are applicable.

In Chapter III: "Derived Date Fruit Products" the use of dates will be extended to a group of products for which the initial quality demands, in particular with regard to foreign matter and insects, are less stringent, because the foreign matter can be effectively removed during processing and will have no effect on the quality of the derived product. Although demarcations are not always sharp, date products and preparations, based on the use of the whole date flesh, can be classified under: sweets, preserves, condiments, breakfast foods and desserts.

In order to follow somewhat the historical developments in this field they are reviewed as home preparations, semi-finished products, and ready-for-use date products after which research work on new date products will be listed. Include those dishes and foods for which whole dates are acquired by the housewife and incorporated or combined for home consumption.

Preparation of the dates, according to the intended use, will normally consist of washing, hand pitting, and either cutting, slicing or mixing with water to prepare a date slurry. Literature, both old and more recent, is abound with references to dates being consumed in food combinations and - preparations. The date's organoleptical and nutrititional characteristics being what they are, that is rich in sugar, and low in protein and fat, it stands to reason that a large number of combinations are focussed on supplementing the nutritional shortcomings and perhaps also diluting the natural sweetness of dates and sometimes adding some acidity, which they lack.

Fresh dates are therefore often found in combination with milk fresh and sour and milk products, such as yoghurt, curd, butter and cheese.

Dates are also stewed in fresh milk or thoroughly mixed with milk powder A refined delicacy consists of dates, butter and honey, named Khabis , and reportedly known from the time of Mohammed, the Prophet Extending the date and protein combination, one comes across dates and fish which has been a long-standing staple in the Gulf area , which, incidentally, finds a reciprocal appreciation for dates by fish, because in ancient Egypt dates were used as fish bait Although perhaps a strange combination to a Western palate it should not be rejected off-hand if one thinks of the recipes in the West based on a sweet with animal protein like apple sauce or prunes and pork, cranberry sauce with turkey, which in Naples finds a parallel in turkey prepared with a stuffing incorporating dates.

But this tolerance for accepting unusual food combinations would probably stop for most people when being confronted with dates mixed with oil and boiled, dried and ground locusts which apparently was considered a delicacy in those countries where these insects are abundant from time to time Ground dates mixed with sesame oil is a well known dish and probably most effective with which to pass the cold desert nights.

A typical example of complementarity in the consumption of fruits and vegetables is the combination of dates and either cucumbers or water melons, in which the sweetness of the date is diluted and the taste of the cucumber or water melon is reinforced.

In more recent times these combinations are extended to recipes for date fruit salads, using pineapple, citrus, apples, pears, celery and lettuces. Date and starch preparations are frequently found and normally need cooking or frying. Examples are dates stewed in fresh milk with onions and flour or a stew of dates and rice in milk commonly used for lactating mothers Adding sesame paste tehina to cooked flour and dates adds extra flavour to a product called Tamreyya especially used in winter and by women after childbirth.

Honeiny consists of comminuted dates thoroughly mixed with a precooked thick dough and reheated on a flat plate and served with butter A common, traditional dish based on dates and flour, found in many date producing countries but with many variations is Asseeda.

A traditional Asseeda from East Saudi Arabia would be made by roasting wheat flour briefly 1, g. After mixing thoroughly and adding some pepper 3 g. Asseeda is served with some more butter 40 g. However, there are many variations of this recipe: other flours may be used sorghum, millet , date syrup or molasses may replace dates, and other spices, e. Dates are frequently used in home made pastry.

A typical date sweet halwa tamr is made by frying finely ground dates with flour and milk and forming this mixture into cakes Another date sweet consumed on festive occasions in and around Mecca is Debiaza , made by concentrating date juice, to which dates, dried lemon and mint are added, until it gels Dates and nuts walnut, pistachio, almonds , and also sesame seed, are a well-appreciated combination and frequently prepared in different forms for home use.

Nuts also often play a role in preparing home preserves as shown from the following example: peel hard dates with a knife, cover with water and boil until soft, remove seed and insert almond or pistachio nuts and a clove, boil dates in syrup with lemon until thick consistency, preserve in glass or glazed jars Another more or less similar recipe adds, besides walnuts, sesame seeds and powdered ginger before pressing and storing the mixture under syrup in glass jars.

Home made jams based on dates are also known, as the following example from Egypt shows: cook semi-dry dates in water to soften, remove skin and seed, and insert a clove, add half a cup of sugar to one cup of dates, add lemon juice and original cooking water, concentrate over low fire. Leaving out the lemon juice and clove and replacing them with chopped walnuts gives another type of date jam It is clear that this list of home made date preparations in the traditional date producing countries is far from complete because so many variations are possible depending on local availability of other foodstuffs and prevailing traditions and customs.

The situation in the countries without local traditional production of dates is understandably different. In Europe the date is mostly used as a table fruit and then only mainly before and during the Christmas season, when lower temperatures and perhaps connotations of the date with the Holy Land, work in favour of an increased consumption of whole date fruit.

Home made date preparations are more difficult to find; however the more inventive housewife may mix some chopped up dates in mixed salad, or fill up the dates with cheese as a cocktail snack , or stuff them with nuts for an after-dinner sweet. Dates used in cooked foods are even more rare as witnessed by the paucity of recipes to this effect in the European cook books.

However, a few interesting examples are given: i dates used in stuffing for chicken and turkey. A first version combines dates in pieces with pine seeds, minced meat, breadcrumbs, eggs, milk and spices; a second type uses dates, potatoes, eggs, cheese, raisins and nutmeg The chicken or turkey meat can be further garnished with a sauce, prepared from dates in butter, orange juice and some brandy.

Date pieces are lightly fried in butter, combined with slices of chicken breast. This mixture is combined with rice cooked in broth with cloves. Sole or bass with some butter and herbs thyme, rosemary together with dates rolled in a slice of bacon, are wrapped together in aluminium foil and cooked in the oven Dates and nut pieces are mixed with yoghurt to which egg yolk and cinnamon are added. The white of the egg is whipped separately with sugar until foamy and incor-porated with the yoghurt mixture to form a light, tasty dessert In the U.

The emphasis on the use of date products prepared in the home is on baked products like bread, cakes, cookies and puddings either incorporated in the dough or as a filling. Dates are often used in combination with other dried fruit, especially apricots, raisins and figs.

Also very popular are the admixtures with nuts, coconut, chocolate and sometimes ginger and vanilla. For more contrasting tastes the following suggestions are made by a U. A recipe for a home-made date relish combines chopped, pitted dates with sugar and ground raisins, spiced with garlic, ginger, red pepper, vinegar and a little salt.

The mixture is boiled for 15 minutes and used as a sweet-sour condiment. In order to promote the use of dates in home cooking the housewife is greatly helped by a number of semi-finished and prepared date mixtures available on the market and which will be reviewed in the next paragraph.

The base material for the further industrial use of dates in mixtures and preparations are pitted dates, most of which are produced in macerators as described in Chapter I: "pitting", although for special purposes whole pitted, cut or sliced dates are also procured. Out of this base material the following product range is available as semi-finished products:. The product generally needs refrigeration because of the borderline moisture content for fermentation at which the date macerators operate most efficiently.

The principle is the same as for prepared minced meat and the fineness of the product can be regulated by the use of different size holes in the discs. Here also, refrigeration may be required to prevent possible fermentation. Date paste is also produced commercially in Saudi Arabia and used for bakery products. The estimated volume of this product is 1, tons in this country.

A curious non-food application of date paste is that it will, in combination with soap, efficiently stop leaks in gasoline tanks in automobiles This will not open up large markets for date paste, but it may become a life saver on long desert journeys.

This product is sometimes air dried for more firmness or customer preference. They are also coated with dextrose or oat flour to keep the pieces separate. The dried dates are ground and sold in various screen sizes. The product is used in prepared cake-, cookie- and muffin mixes.

Some of the products are also sold directly to the public such as "extruded date pieces", "diced dates" and a "date block", which is a slightly pressed cube of macerated dates 10 oz or 1 lb size for home baking. A product under the name of Date Crystals, dehydrated fine date pieces, almost a powder, was put on the market and proposed as the basic ingredient in date recipes and taking the place of dates , Fig.

Another semi-finished product in the form of a spread, consisting of ground dates and sugar, was marketed as a base ingredient for the preparations of mainly cakes and desserts aimed as a raw material in the catering industry Figure Dehydrated Dates in Powder Form. A second generation of semi-finished date products mainly developed in the U. In this group belong the breakfast foods in which date crumbs are normally used together with other dried fruits, cereals and nuts Fig.

A specific example is the date bar mix Fig. Figure Breakfast Foods Incorporating Dates. Figure Ready-made Mix for Date Bread. Figure Date Bar Mix. Ready for use date products incorporating dates are mostly found as sweets and snacks though there are also some other examples where dates are product ingredients.

In countries where taste for sweets, the so-called "sweet tooth", is still prevalent, notably in the date producing countries of the Old World, a great variety of coated and stuffed dates as well as pastry based on or garnished with dates, is available. Dates filled with nuts and coated with chocolate or stuffed with brightly coloured fondant are only a few of the many date based sweets.

Date pastry like halwa or date cookies a sister of the Wellington or fig bar and date wafers can be found in many countries Fig. It includes attractively packaged and arranged dates and date products which are, on order by the customer, sent by the producer as gift parcels through the postal system.

Figure Several Types of Date Cookies. A popular sweet as a snack is the date nut roll. A date-muesli bar Fig. Another product, also under the name of date nut roll is a canned ready date cake based on dates, nut meats, coconut, flour and other minor ingredients , to be heated "au bain marie" and served after slicing with either sweet or spicy toppings Less sweet and in analogy with the early desert travellers carrying dates along as a concentrated, high energy food, are the so-called trail snacks, mixtures of dried fruits including date pieces and nuts taken along on mountain hikes especially by younger people Fig.

Date jams in different forms or admixed with other fruits are part of the product assortment of a few internationally oriented conserve industries Fig. In conclusion of the ready date products available on the market mention should be made of several condiments, mixtures of sweet, sour and spices: date chutney Fig.

In date chutney all or part of the mango for which chutney as a product is better known is replaced by dates, and mainly used as a condiment in rice dishes. Steak sauce better known as HP sauce after the company that makes it is a very old product, and is used as a condiment in meat dishes. A more fruity version is used as a general condiment Fig. A product in between chutney and steak sauce is a pickle incorporating dates known under the name of Branston named after the town where it was first created.

Besides dates the different versions contain vegetables pieces , fruits and spices.

The Taste Charts are Here

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Using this powder makes it possible to reconstitute a milk of high nutritional value for household consumption, beverage, yoghurt, milkshake, pastry, bakery products, biscuit fillings, etc. Add to cart Specification.

The valorization of food wastes and byproducts has become a major subject of research to improve the sustainability of the food chain. This narrative review provides an overview of the current trends in the use of food byproducts in the development of dairy foods. We revised the latest data on food loss generation, the group of byproducts most used as ingredients in dairy product development, and their function within the food matrix. Overall, 50 studies supported the tremendous potential of the application of food byproducts mainly those from plant-origin in dairy foods as ingredients.

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The Taste Charts are Here

United Nations Publications Bolero Ozon. This two volume set is useful for analyzing trade by country and by commodity; performing trend analysis and projections; and understanding economic development planning and developing marketing strategies. The publication provides statistical information for countries or areas. It presents the basic information for each country's external trade performance in terms of the overall trends in current value, as well as, in volume and price; the importance of trading partners and the significance of individual commodities imported and exported. It is issued in two volumes: Vol.

Convenience food , or tertiary processed food , is food that is commercially prepared often through processing to optimise ease of consumption. Such food is usually ready to eat without further preparation.

Dates are ambiguous in the sense that, depending on the stage of maturity, they can either be classified as a fruit, comparable to any other fruit consumed between meals, or alternatively, as a food source as part of the daily meal, in particular in the rural areas of the date producing countries. Though not a true staple food by definition like rice, potatoes or cassava, dates, on occasion, have been forced to play this role for lack of other staples. In recent times, either because of a decreasing demand for table dates or in an effort to make better use of off-grade fruit, there has been a renewed interest in the date as a food source, not necessarily as a staple food, but rather as a component in food preparations like sweets, confectionery, baking products, institutional feeding and health foods. In this Chapter a review is made of the use or potential use of dates in combination with other foodstuffs.

Aseptic Fruit Puree

Glossary: Sector Classifications. Companies that rear livestock or poultry with the intention of selling them to producers of meat, dairy and other animal related products. Companies that grow crops and plants for sale to food and other products for example tobacco for sale to cigarette manufacturers.

Jensen, J. Graham and Donald L. Graham, which were revised by Donald L. The term food industries covers a series of industrial activities directed at the processing, conversion, preparation, preservation and packaging of foodstuffs see table The raw materials used are generally of vegetable or animal origin and produced by agriculture, farming, breeding and fishing. This article provides an overview of the complex of food industries.

What to consider before applying for a Safe Food for Canadians licence

Flow-mechanized production line cakes "Eclair". Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email and website address in this browser for my subsequent comments. Baked cake mix determines the group and cakes, and is the basis of their classification and one of the main semi-finished products. Baked semi-finished products are divided into: biscuit, sand, puff, almond-nut, custard and wafer.

Sep 22, - Keywords: byproducts, sustainability, functional foods, dairy products compounds or as whole ingredients in the manufacturing of dairy foods. into the food matrix (grape pomace flour and extracts, grape skin and seeds, covered in chestnut leaves, or the Spanish Majorero cheese with sweet pepper.

Bolero Ozon. An adhesive is a material used for holding two surfaces together. A useful way to classify adhesives is by the way they react chemically after they have been applied to the surfaces to be joined. There is a huge range of adhesives, and one appropriate for the materials being joined must be chosen.

Convenience food

United Nations Publications Bolero Ozon. United Nations. This fifty-sixth edition of the International Trade Statistics Yearbook provides the basic information for individual countries external trade performances in terms of value, as well as in volume and price, the importance of trading partners and the significance of individual commodities imported and exported. This edition shows annual statistics up to the year for countries or areas.

750g Milk In Ml

То, что он увидел, больше напоминало вход в преисподнюю, а не в служебное помещение. Узкая лестница спускалась к платформе, за которой тоже виднелись ступеньки, и все это было окутано красным туманом. Грег Хейл, подойдя к стеклянной перегородке Третьего узла, смотрел, как Чатрукьян спускается по лестнице. С того места, где он стоял, казалось, что голова сотрудника лаборатории систем безопасности лишилась тела и осталась лежать на полу шифровалки.

Проще было его игнорировать. Хейл подошел к буфету, с грохотом открыл решетчатую дверцу, достал из холодильника пластиковую упаковку тофу, соевого творога, и сунул в рот несколько кусочков белой студенистой массы.

Затем раздался крик: - Нужно немедленно вызвать Джаббу. Послышались другие звуки, похожие на шум борьбы. ГЛАВА 55 - Ты уселся на мое место, осел.

Беккер с трудом приподнял голову.

Вы точно человек?

Клянусь, - сказал. Она смотрела на него с недоумением. - Надеюсь, это не уловка с целью заставить меня скинуть платье. - Мидж, я бы никогда… - начал он с фальшивым смирением. - Знаю, Чед. Мне не нужно напоминать. Через тридцать секунд она уже сидела за его столом и изучала отчет шифровалки.

Food Byproducts as Sustainable Ingredients for Innovative and Healthy Dairy Foods

В этот момент Сьюзан поймала себя на том, что готова взвалить на Хейла вину за все свои неприятности. За Цифровую крепость, волнения из-за Дэвида, зато, что не поехала в Смоуки-Маунтинс, - хотя он был ко всему этому не причастен. Единственная его вина заключалась в том, что она испытывала к нему неприязнь.

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  1. Sazilkree

    Bravo, very good idea