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Factory equipment for repair and operation of tractors and agricultural machinery

Factory equipment for repair and operation of tractors and agricultural machinery

Tractors are the main cause of accidental deaths on farms. Over the years, many farmers, farm workers and others living on or visiting farms, have been killed or seriously injured falling from moving tractors, being run over by tractors, or being crushed when a tractor rolls sideways or backwards. Regularly check for hazards relating to tractors, attached implements and field conditions. Hazard areas could include mechanical parts, operator training, other people, work procedures, unsafe jacking, climatic conditions, chemicals used, uneven terrain, and any other potential causes of an injury or a hazardous incident. Keep a record to ensure identified hazards are assessed and controlled. Once a potential hazard has been identified, assess the likelihood of an injury or hazardous incident occurring.

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Content:

Managing Machinery and Equipment

Tractors are the main cause of accidental deaths on farms. Over the years, many farmers, farm workers and others living on or visiting farms, have been killed or seriously injured falling from moving tractors, being run over by tractors, or being crushed when a tractor rolls sideways or backwards.

Regularly check for hazards relating to tractors, attached implements and field conditions. Hazard areas could include mechanical parts, operator training, other people, work procedures, unsafe jacking, climatic conditions, chemicals used, uneven terrain, and any other potential causes of an injury or a hazardous incident.

Keep a record to ensure identified hazards are assessed and controlled. Once a potential hazard has been identified, assess the likelihood of an injury or hazardous incident occurring. For example, risk to children playing near a tractor will vary, depending on what the tractor operator is doing, how close they are to the tractor and whether the operator knows they are there.

Consider ways of minimizing risk. People have been killed and seriously injured doing maintenance and repairs to farm tractors. Major hazards can occur when tractors are jacked and wheels are removed without safe working procedures. These risks are magnified on soil. Regular workshop maintenance of farm tractors and trailed implements can prevent hazardous incidents in the field. When planning tractor maintenance, check the right equipment is available for safe jacking, removal of wheels and other tasks.

People doing the job should be experienced, and there should be agreed safe procedures. Heavy lifting and carrying can cause strain injuries.

Children should be kept away from tractor workshops. Field repairs present specific injury risks. The greater the risk of an injury or a dangerous incident occurring, the more urgent the need for changes to be made to minimize or eliminate the risk.

Good safety habits are vital for anyone who operates a combine, corn picker or other grain-harvesting machine. Failure to observe safety practices can be fatal! However, constant alertness is also necessary to prevent machinery accidents--accidents that often happen in spite of machinery that is designed for safety. Machinery operators are not in top physical or emotional condition when they are tired, ill, worried, angry, or have their minds on something else.

Accidents are most likely to happen under these conditions. The combine operator is responsible not only for his safety but also for the safety of others who may be working on or just be near the machine. The operator must be aware of hazards and remain alert to situations that are potentially dangerous. This includes pre-operational checks, starting, transporting, towing, operating, field repair and maintenance and stopping the combine. To make sure drive units do not cause injury when the machine is started again, do the following when stopping the combine.

Large hay bales, some weighing up to kg, have killed or seriously injured many farm workers. Bales, both round and rectangular, can fall on tractor and forklift operators, topple off stacks and vehicles on workers or bystanders, and collapse when stacks fail. List all the hay baling and stacking hazards spotted, and number them in order of priority, so that those most likely to cause injury or harm can be tackled first.

Because most large hay bales can kill or seriously injure anyone they fall or roll on, any risk of a hazardous incident should be assessed as requiring urgent attention. And as children are the most vulnerable, consider child injury risks top priority.

While the skilled operator of tillage equipment avoids errors with very little conscious thought, accident studies show that hurrying and human error are responsible for or are involved in the vast majority of equipment accidents.

The term 'Ag bike' refers to all motorbikes with two, three and four wheels, used for farm work. Three and four wheelers are also known as 'all terrain vehicles' or ATVs. Most Ag bike injuries result from lack of training and experience, speed, uneven or unfamiliar terrain, humps, logs, rocks, embankments, carrying a passenger or an unbalanced load, inadequate protective clothing and unsafe driving. Those aged between 10 and 24 have a significantly higher risk of injury on ATVs.

Ag bike injuries are predominantly to legs, followed by injuries to spine, arms and head. Three and four wheeler spills often result in the rider being pinned beneath or rolled on by the vehicle. Assess all use of Ag bikes for likelihood and possible severity of injuries. Develop safe use procedures to match the risk. Farm machinery uses power to do work. This creates many possible hazards for both operators and bystanders. Even though manufacturers take many steps to make machinery safe, all hazards cannot be removed.

Minor and serious injuries can occur when workers are not paying close attention, taking shortcuts, ignoring warnings or failing to follow safety rules. The wide variety of warning, caution and instructional decals placed on machinery are there for your safety.

There are many different types of farm machinery, but they all have similar characteristics and hazards. Not all these hazards can be completely shielded, so farmers must use caution when operating them. Shear points exist when the edges of two objects move toward or next to each other closely enough to cut relatively soft material.

Cutting points happen when a single object moves forcefully or rapidly enough to cut. They can be found on many types of crop cutting equipment, such as forage harvester heads and sickle bars, and grain augers. Shear and cutting points are hazards because of their cutting force. They often move so rapidly that they may not be visible, so it is easy to forget that they are there. Pinch points exist when two objects move together, with at least one of them moving in a circle.

They are common in power transmission devices, such as belt and chain drives, feed rolls and gear drives. Fingers, hands and feet can be caught directly in pinch points or they may be drawn into the pinch points by loose clothing that becomes entangled.

Contact may be made by brushing against unshielded parts or by falling against them. Shields cover most of these areas to prevent accidents, but on e caught, these machines move too fast for someone caught to get out of a pinch point. Be aware of these hazards and wear clothing that cannot be caught. Never reach over or work near rotating parts. Any exposed, rotating machine component is a potential wrap point. Protruding shaft ends can also become wrap points.

A cuff, sleeve, pant leg or just a thread can catch on a rotating part and result in serious injury.

Entanglement with a wrap point can pull a person into the machine or wrap their clothing so tightly the person is crushed or suffocated.

A person can even lose their balance and fall into other machine parts. Even a perfectly round shaft can be a hazard if there is enough pressure to hold clothing against the shaft. Shafts that are not round increase the hazard significantly. Universal joints, keys and fastening devices also can snag clothing. Be aware of potential wrap points and shield those that can be shielded.

Place warnings on those that cannot be covered or paint them a bright color. Crush points exist when two objects move toward each other, or when one object moves toward a stationary object. Hitching tractors to implements may create a potential crush point. Failure to block up equipment safely can result in a fatal crushing injury.

Workers need to be careful so they do not get caught in crush point areas. Crushing injuries most commonly occur to fingers at the hitching point. Wait until the tractor has stopped before stepping into the hitching position. The head or chest of an operator may be crushed between the equipment and a low beam or other part of a farm building.

Usually, these accidents occur when the machine is operating in reverse. Rotary mower blades, baler flywheels and various other farm machinery components will continue to move after power stops. Workers must allow time for these wheels or blades to stop before approaching them. This may take as long as two and a half minutes.

Pull-in points usually occur when someone tries to remove plant material or other obstacles that have become stuck in feed rolls or other machinery parts. Always shut off the power before attempting to clear plugged equipment.

Springs are commonly used to help lift equipment, such as shock absorbers, and to keep belts tight. Springs may harbor potentially dangerous stored energy. Know what direction a spring will move and how it might affect another machine part when released, and stay out of its path.

Hydraulic systems store considerable energy. They lift implements, such as plows, change the position of implement components, such as a combine header or bulldozer blade, operate hydraulic motors and assist in steering and braking. Careless servicing, adjustment or replacement of parts can result in serious injury. High-pressure blasts of hydraulic oil can injure eyes or other body parts by burning or penetrating the tissue. Leaks are a serious hazard.

Never inspect hydraulic hoses with your hands because a fine jet of hydraulic fluid can pierce the skin. Get medical attention quickly, or you could lose that part of the body that was injected.

Use a piece of cardboard to test the hose for leaks. Follow the instructor's manual when servicing hydraulic systems. Make certain the hydraulic pump is turned off.

Lower the attached equipment to the ground and confirm that load pressure is off the system. Treat hydraulic fluid as flammable liquid. Avoid open flames and sparks if hydraulic fluid has been spilled.

Agricultural machinery

Agricultural Implements and Machinery Division. Why Mechanization? The mechanization ensures reduction of drudgery associated with various farm operations as also economize the utilization of inputs and thereby harnessing the potential of available resources. If mechanization is necessary, what are the priorities? The mechanization is necessary to enhance productivity and conservation of energy required for various operations involved in crop production, threshing, processing, transportation, value addition, storage etc.

It is important to be safety-conscious when doing any job that requires the use of machinery. Statistics show that the majority of machinery-related accidents occur as the result of human negligence.

Agricultural machinery is machinery used in farming or other agriculture. There are many types of such equipment , from hand tools and power tools to tractors and the countless kinds of farm implements that they tow or operate. Diverse arrays of equipment are used in both organic and nonorganic farming. Especially since the advent of mechanised agriculture , agricultural machinery is an indispensable part of how the world is fed.

Farm Machinery and Equipment Safety Part II: Preventing Machinery Accidents During Operation

JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Machinery is expensive to own and operate. Purchasing equipment represents a major commitment of capital, which can have a major impact on both the solvency and liquidity of your business. You need to be aware of the costs of owning and operating a particular piece of equipment in order to make the best machinery management decisions. Because the object of farmers who practice good machinery management is to provide reliable service for their agricultural enterprises for the least cost, it is important to consider the various ways this can be done, including owning the equipment, using custom hire services, renting, sharing, or a combination of these options. Although most farmers prefer to own and operate their equipment, it can be very expensive to do all tasks with owned equipment. Ownership costs for machinery and equipment include depreciation, interest on investment, taxes, insurance, and housing.

Use this decision tool to find ownership and operator costs for transporting grain by wagon or truck. Machinery and equipment are major cost items in farm businesses. However, good machinery managers can control machinery and power costs per acre. All these decisions require accurate estimates of the costs of owning and operating farm machinery. Farm machinery costs can be divided into two categories: annual ownership costs, which occur regardless of machine use, and operating costs, which vary directly with the amount of machine use.

A complete line of machinery is one of the largest investments that a farm business can make.

- Он улыбнулся. - Возвращайся домой. Прямо. - Встретимся в Стоун-Мэнор.

Боль пройдет, - внушал Стратмор.  - Ты полюбишь. Сьюзан не слышала ни единого слова. - Останься со мной, - увещевал ее голос.

Сьюзан повернулась к Соши. - Выход в Интернет. Здесь есть браузер. Соши кивнула. - Лучше всего - Нетскейп. Сьюзан сжала ее руку.

Я понимаю, - сказал.  - Извините за беспокойство. Повернувшись, он направился через фойе к выходу, где находилось вишневое бюро, которое привлекло его внимание, когда он входил. На нем располагался щедрый набор фирменных открыток отеля, почтовая бумага, конверты и ручки.

Беккер вложил в конверт чистый листок бумаги, надписал его всего одним словом: Росио - и вернулся к консьержу. - Извините, что я снова вас беспокою, - сказал он застенчиво.

 - Я вел себя довольно глупо. Я хотел лично сказать Росио, какое удовольствие получил от общения с ней несколько дней .

Industry Analysis; Specialty Production; Strategic Planning; International Agriculture Machinery and equipment are major cost items in farm businesses. of the remaining value of tractors and other classes of farm machines as a percent Operating costs (also called variable costs) include repairs and maintenance, fuel.

Да, - ответил дружный хор голосов. - Так вот… - Соши шумно вздохнула.  - Похоже, я ошиблась. - Что?! - чуть не подпрыгнул Джабба.

Сьюзан словно пронзило током. В панике она сразу же представила себе самое худшее. Ей вспомнились мечты коммандера: черный ход в Цифровую крепость и величайший переворот в разведке, который он должен был вызвать. Она подумала о вирусе в главном банке данных, о его распавшемся браке, вспомнила этот странный кивок головы, которым он ее проводил, и, покачнувшись, ухватилась за перила.

Как вы можете убедиться, этого не произошло. На экране Танкадо рухнул на колени, по-прежнему прижимая руку к груди и так ни разу и не подняв глаз. Он был совсем один и умирал естественной смертью.

Да-да.

Тогда станет понятно, почему он вручную отключил Следопыта. Через несколько секунд на экране показалась надпись: ОБЪЕКТ НЕ НАЙДЕН Не зная, что искать дальше, она ненадолго задумалась и решила зайти с другой стороны. НАЙТИ: ЗАМОК ЭКРАНА Монитор показал десяток невинных находок - и ни одного намека на копию ее персонального кода в компьютере Хейла. Сьюзан шумно вздохнула. Какими же программами он пользовался .

Его пальцы набирали слова медленно, но решительно. Дорогие друзья, сегодня я ухожу из жизни… При таком исходе никто ничему не удивится. Никто не задаст вопросов. Никто ни в чем его не обвинит.

Он сам расскажет о том, что случилось. Все люди умирают… что значит еще одна смерть. ГЛАВА 91 В соборе всегда ночь.

А что, - спросила она, не отрываясь от монитора, - нам с Кармен нужно укромное местечко. Бринкерхофф выдавил из себя нечто невразумительное. Мидж нажала несколько клавиш.

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