Manufacturing industrial horse breeding, donkeys and mules
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Horses, donkeys and mules and their utility
Saddling up: Increased disposable incomes will boost spending on race and recreational horses. Establishments in this industry breed and raise horses, mules, donkeys and other equines mammals belonging to the Equidae family for transportation,.
These establishments are commonly referred to as ranches, farms or studs. Producing and raising burros Producing and raising donkeys Producing and raising horses Producing and raising mules Producing and raising ponies.
The major products and services in this industry are Mules, burros and donkeys Racehorses Show horses Thoroughbred breeding mares Thoroughbred breeding stallions Thoroughbred foals Other horses and equines.
For additional information on this industry www. Revenue for the Horse and Other Equine Production industry was on an upward trend until the recession severely weakened demand for horses. Downstream demand for the industrys horses is mainly dependent on household disposable income, activity in the horse racing industry and the popularity of horses for recreation.
Due to the onset of the recession in , demand fell, causing revenue to plummet that year and in several subsequent years. The industry is not expected to recover to prerecessionary levels; revenue is. The decline is mainly attributed to the drop in big-ticket purchases during the recession, but the industry has also been negatively affected by less participation overall in horse-racing activities.
Renewed demand is expected to lead to 1. The recession also negatively impacted profit margins. As fewer people had the disposable income for purchases of new horses, breeders had to drop their prices to accommodate the buying market. Many did not make up the costs that went into producing these horses, and the industry recorded comparably low margins throughout the past five years. Profit margins have inched back up, but are still below precessionary levels.
As a number of breeding facilities failed to make ends meet, many left the industry, spreading out the inventory of horses and other equines to specialized breeding facilities as well as to generic boarding facilities.
Therefore, participation in the industry has grown in the past five years, increasing an annualized 1. The industry is forecast to grow slowly but consistently in the next five years due to further recovery in consumers disposable income, which will prompt increased demand for these discretionary purchases.
Similarly, consumers with more spending money will attend or take part in horse racing related activities, such as gambling. These factors will enable racing facilities to generate more revenue and, therefore, offer larger amounts of prize money to incentivize racers to participate. Racers will then demand more Thoroughbreds, which are known for their high quality performance. Additionally, increased exports will facilitate revenue growth.
As a result, revenue is forecast to rise at an average annual rate of 1. Demand from racing and individual sports Horse racing and related sporting events demand horses as the main feature for recreation and entertainment purposes. An increase in horse racing will raise demand for horses bred to participate in such activities, lifting revenue. Revenue for racing and individual sports is expected to increase during , presenting a potential opportunity for the industry. Per capita disposable income Demand for horses is sensitive to household disposable income as horses are an expensive discretionary purchase, and annual maintenance, such as food, boarding, training and veterinary services can cost into the thousands.
Consumers with higher disposable income are generally more able to afford recreational horses. Per capita disposable income is expected to increase slowly in Consumer Confidence Index Because horse races can be an expensive and risky investment, Thoroughbred demand is particularly sensitive to consumer sentiment.
A higher consumer sentiment makes people more willing to make these investments, in addition to participating in related activities, such as gambling. The consumer confidence index is expected to increase during Trade-weighted index Exchange rates affect the price competitiveness of this industrys exports.
An appreciation of the American dollar makes US horses relatively more. The trade-weighted index is expected to increase in , representing a potential threat to the industry. Price of feed A rise in the domestic prices of feed for horses increases operating costs for horse ranches. If firms elect to pass these costs on to downstream buyers in the form of higher prices, demand can fall.
Generally, a higher price of inputs like feed causes operators to reduce the number of horses kept. The price of feed is expected to fall during Per capita disposable income. Although the Horse and Other Equine Production industry was growing, any progress was stamped out during and following the recession. Downstream demand is largely determined by disposable income, activity in the horse racing industry, popularity of horses for recreation and export activity.
When disposable income plummeted during the recession, consumers became less willing. Demand for racehorses and stud services, or horse breeding services, is influenced by the prize money available to race participants in the United States and abroad. In turn, the amount of prize money depends on earnings from admissions tickets and revenue from spectators gambling activity.
Over the past decade, downstream demand from horse racing has been on the decline, partly due to the recession. With less disposable income, Americans were less willing to participate in risky gambling on horse races, so racing facilities earned less money from gamblers, which trickled down as smaller prize money offers. This trend led the total Thoroughbred foal crop, or number of pedigreed baby Thoroughbreds born, to fall in each of the past five years.
According to The Jockey Club, a racing association, the foal crop declined 2. This figure is down from a high of close to 40, in Consequently, revenue from breeding racing Thoroughbreds has decreased. In addition to the economic environment, horse racing has been under pressure due to competition from other forms of gambling, such as casinos and sports betting.
Furthermore, according to racing news source The Paulick Report, the racing industry is under scrutiny as a result of infighting about the division of wagering revenue,. Thus, demand fell, causing revenue to plunge in and continue to drop through Though growth has resumed slightly, the industry has yet to recover. Revenue is expected to fall 4. However, consumers have not completely lost interest in horse racing. In fact, viewership of televised events has increased.
For example, the Belmont Stakes drew in The tune-in was the second-largest on record for the Stakes, trailing only the race when another Triple Crown was at stake.
The Rolex Equestrian Championship is another annual horse racing event that is gaining slightly higher viewership. As viewership and interest spreads and disposable income increases, the decline in betting has slowed.
In addition, the increasing popularity of racinos, combination race tracks and casinos, in the past decade has helped generate more interest for the sport in the past several years. As a result, despite the five-year overall decline, revenue is expected to grow 1.
Profit margins for the industry are traditionally high, particularly for Thoroughbred racehorses, which are bred specifically for high quality performance. But extremely low demand for these animals led operators to slash their prices for these animals starting in In addition, the volatile cost of hay rose dramatically in and , parallel to corn prices.
In addition to being a major input for cow, hog and chicken feed, corns major role as an input for biofuel production has placed upward pressure on its price.
Since hay is also a feed crop, its price often fluctuates with the price of corn. In order to counteract these high costs and soften profit declines, firms reduced their man hours. Industry wages have.
Reduced profit forced many higherend breeding facilities to shut their doors and exit the industry. Nevertheless, the total inventory of horses has risen, and they are less concentrated in specialized facilities. The number of establishments has consequently risen 1.
Although horses and other equines are difficult to transport, international trade remains an important industry activity. Exports make up an estimated America is a leading horse-breeding nation that produces well-pedigreed race horses and show horses. Buyers looking for highperforming horses often shop on a global market, including in the United States. The majority of sales value of exported horses comes from buyers in countries where equine sports are popular, including the United Kingdom and Japan.
However, as fewer Thoroughbreds and other high-price horses were bred in. Despite the United States leadership in horse breeding, other countries also specialize in industry activities. Breeders in Europe produce lines of horses that are prized in disciplines outside of racing, including dressage and jumping. As the popularity of these showing events has remained strong, demand for suitable horses, such as Warmbloods, has increased.
In the past five years, the value of imports has risen 7. In the next five years, the Horse and Other Equine Production industry is forecast to grow consistently while still remaining under prerecessionary levels. Continued recovery in factors affecting downstream demand for the industrys animals and services will benefit revenue. For example, higher disposable income, in addition to greater participation and stronger interest in equestrian sports, will play a key role in stimulating demand.
Although imports will pose a threat to the domestic market, the industry will benefit from export growth. In light of these positive factors, revenue is forecast to increase at an average annual rate of 1. In the five years to , continued economic recovery will allow disposable income to rise at a forecast 2. Since horses and other equines are considered expensive luxury goods, higher disposable income will encourage consumers to buy these animals for equestrian and recreational purposes.
Larger amounts of spending money will also encourage consumers to pay for activities, such as riding lessons and scenic tours conducted on horseback, which will cause these downstream enterprises to purchase more horses from horse breeders. By the same token, consumers with higher disposable incomes are typically more willing to gamble on horse races, creating more interest and driving up. Facilities that combine racetracks and casinos, known as racinos, are expected to increase.
Some will even upgrade from having only video lottery terminals i. As racing facilities gain more revenue from admission tickets and spectators gambling activity, they will be able to offer larger prize money packages. These larger prize purses will give race teams more incentive to compete.
Furthermore, to better their chances, racers will demand more of the expensive Thoroughbred horses that were bred for high quality racing performance, boosting industry revenue with sales of Thoroughbred race horses.
11292 Horse & Other Equine Production in the US Industry Report (1).pdf
Amy McLean has always had a soft spot for long ears. The animal scientist at the University of California, Davis , grew up on a Georgia farm that bred donkeys and mules and has competed in mule riding world championships. The trade has led to an animal welfare nightmare, along with a threat to donkey populations, the severity of which is only now emerging. Without drastic measures, the number of donkeys worldwide will drop by half within 5 years, according to a 21 November report by the Donkey Sanctuary , an international equine welfare charity based in Sidmouth, U.
American Mule Museum. History of the Mule by Dave Babb The exact origin of the mule may be somewhat difficult to determine, but its ancestry must begin with the origin of its parents - - the wild ass donkey and the horse. Mules, therefore, must have been bred in the wild in areas where both the wild ass and horse occupied the same territory. Mules in Ancient Times The mule has been deliberately bred by man since ancient times.
Chinese trade in hides has led to global donkey massacre
It seems that the Poitou donkey first appeared in the 10 th century in France. The Poitou mule breeding industry, which flourished particularly from the 17 th to the 19 th century, gave a solid reputation to the donkey as a procreator, and it was widely exported to many countries America, Mediterranean countries etc. Annick Audiot, who was put in charge of this work, could only record 44 Poitou donkeys, 20 jacks and 24 jennies, belonging to 14 owners. Starting with births in the year , foals must also be subjected to genetic filiation testing through DNA tests. In just 20 years, this spectacular comeback of stocks for the breed crowned the relentless efforts of the various partners involved in the conservation of this donkey who became the symbol of endangered breeds in France. Brown to bay black, the hairs can get lighter to give a fern-like shade. Underbelly and inside the thighs are light grey, but not going as far as washed out white. Silvery grey with a reddish border around the mouth, the nose and the eyes. The coat must never be liver with bunches of white hair nor have a dorsal stripe black line running from the withers to the tail , nor have a band across the shoulders. Always selected to produce large mules, its value comes entirely from its role as a genitor.
Mules and Donkeys
Merchant Exporters of Thoroughbred Horses. Moti International Ltd. Jhunjhunwala C. Kava Exports Inc. Online retail shop for buddha murals, ganesha murals, lady murals, radha krishna, stallion murals, vrikshas, mayuras.
Companies - Horses, mules and donkeys - India
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey a jack and a female horse a mare. A horse has 64 chromosomes, and a donkey has The mule ends up with However, a male mule should be gelded in order to make him a safe and sociable animal.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Donkey and Horse - Mating 2019
The International Museum of the Horse. Slideshow : Beautiful horses. Donkeys, zebras and mules all differ somewhat from horses in conformation. The most noticeable difference is of course the ears. Donkeys' ears are MUCH longer in proportion to their size than a horse's. The necks are characteristically straighter in the longears, and most donkeys and all zebras lack a true wither.
Account Options Login. Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry for United States. Bureau of Animal Industry. Halaman terpilih Daftar Isi. Isi Research on animal diseases.
Author Ann Norton Greene is a historian of science; her writing has an academic flavor. No great flights of prose, but the subject is interesting and she makes good anecdote choices If I were to write or read a book on any subject I would want it to be a thorough and insightful as Greene's.
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey jack and a female horse mare. Of the two first generation hybrids between these two species, a mule is easier to obtain than a hinny , which is the offspring of a female donkey jenny and a male horse stallion. The size of a mule and work to which it is put depend largely on the breeding of the mule's female parent dam. Mules can be lightweight, medium weight or when produced from draft horse mares, of moderately heavy weight.
In addition to long ears, she said, donkeys have a short, upright mane and have finer, lighter hair around the eyes and muzzle when compared to horses. Donkeys have no forelock and have a switch for a tail. Mules normally will have a full tail, but might not have a forelock.
Ведь если кто и может справиться с возникшей опасностью, да еще без посторонней помощи, так это Тревор Стратмор. Он обладал сверхъестественной способностью одерживать верх над всеми, кто бросал ему вызов.
Брови Росио выгнулись. - О. Я вижу, вам действительно очень нужно это Кольцова. Беккер мрачно кивнул.
Стратмор медленно повернулся к Сьюзан. Тоже неподвижная, она стояла у дверей шифровалки. Стратмор посмотрел на ее залитое слезами лицо, и ему показалось, что вся она засветилась в сиянии дневного света. Ангел, подумал. Ему захотелось увидеть ее глаза, он надеялся найти в них избавление. Но в них была только смерть.
Он еще не знает, что такое настоящая боль, подумал человек в такси. Девушка вытащила из кармана какой-то маленький предмет и протянула его Беккеру. Тот поднес его к глазам и рассмотрел, затем надел его на палец, достал из кармана пачку купюр и передал девушке.
Они поговорили еще несколько минут, после чего девушка обняла его, выпрямилась и, повесив сумку на плечо, ушла.