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Product equipment for repair and operation of tractors and agricultural machinery

Product equipment for repair and operation of tractors and agricultural machinery

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VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: قناة الألات والهندسة الزراعية agricultural machinery and equipment

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5 Maintenance Tips to Extend Equipment Life and ROI

A complete line of machinery is one of the largest investments that a farm business can make. Yet, unlike land or buildings, machinery must be constantly monitored, maintained, and eventually replaced. How and when equipment is replaced can mean a difference of thousands of dollars in annual production costs. Farm record summaries point out some of the differences between the more profitable and the less profitable farms in Iowa.

The table below shows the wide range of machinery cost per acre and machinery investment per acre from a sample of Iowa farms. Costs related to the machinery line clearly had a large effect on whether farms were high profit producers. Many producers give less attention to machinery costs than other cost areas because the cash expenditures are made infrequently.

And, once the investment is made, depreciation and interest except on loans become noncash costs, and are less visible. One of the difficulties in analyzing machinery costs is that they change over time.

Depreciation tends to be high at first, especially for a machine purchased new, but declines over time. Likewise, interest expense is high initially but gradually diminishes.

This is true whether the interest cost is cash interest paid on a loan, or an opportunity cost based on revenue foregone by continuing to own a machine year after year. On the other hand, repair costs may amount to little or nothing when a machine is still under warranty, but eventually increase as parts wear out and maintenance requirements rise. Fuel and lubrication costs usually do not change much over time, although an older engine may eventually lose some degree of fuel efficiency.

Total costs decline rapidly during the first few years, then rise gradually. The decision to replace an item of farm machinery can be made for several reasons. Cost minimization. The standard rule for minimizing the long-run cost of equipment is to make a change when the annualized total cost of owning and operating the machine begins to increase.

In the example shown in Figure 1, this happens in about the ninth year of ownership. At this point repair costs begin to increase faster than depreciation and interest costs decrease.

However, the rate at which total costs rise is often very gradual. Thus, while the rule of increasing total cost can give a general picture of when to replace a particular machine, it cannot give a precise answer. Note that repair costs are projected to increase gradually over time. In reality, though, repair costs tend to be quite variable from year to year, ranging from only routine maintenance items to a complete overhaul. Being able to anticipate when large repair costs will be needed is a key consideration in deciding when to replace a machine.

Besides the standard machinery costs, most operators also consider timeliness costs in their replacement decisions. Timeliness costs occur when crops are not planted or harvested at the optimal time. They can be attributed to losses in yield, such as when corn or soybeans are planted too late to enjoy a full growing season, or a loss of quality, such as when hay or silage is not harvested at its peak nutritional value.

If a machine breaks down at a critical time, timeliness costs can be quite high. Timeliness costs are very hard to measure, however, and their importance depends on the weather in any given year. Nevertheless, they should not be ignored, especially in climates where the optimal planting or harvesting period is rather short, and for crops that are particularly sensitive to the effects of weather.

Owning machinery that has a high probability of breaking down increases the risk of crop losses. Pride of ownership. Many farmers take pride in owning and operating new, modern machinery. They may be willing to accept higher long-run costs in return. New technology. In some cases a machine may be in perfectly good working order, but the introduction of new technology has made it obsolete.

Newer models may do a better job of harvesting or planting, or operate more efficiently. Care should be taken to distinguish new technology that can increase profits from changes that simply provide more convenience and comfort.

Need for capacity. When the number of acres of crops being produced increases significantly, operators may need to replace machinery with models that have higher capacity to complete planting and harvesting without serious timeliness losses. Likewise, when farm size is reduced, it may be possible to cut costs by downsizing the machinery set. The farm machinery market. The market for farm machinery is subject to changes in supply and demand, just as for any other product.

In particular, the demand for both new and used machinery is strongly affected by ups and downs in the farm economy. The operator who maintains a good capital reserve or borrowing capacity may be able to reduce long-run ownership costs by replacing machinery when dealers have excess inventory and are willing to offer deep discounts to make a sale. When the farm economy is below average, there may be bargains available in used machinery.

Replace frequently. This approach minimizes the risk of breakdowns and costly repairs by trading key machinery items every few years. Even when repairs occur, they often will be covered by the original warranty. Operators who cover a large number of acres each year and would be severely inconvenienced by extended down time are most likely to follow this strategy. Although this is probably a more expensive approach over the long run, some of the extra costs are offset by fewer timeliness losses, the ability to farm more acres, and less need to invest in repair and maintenance tools and facilities.

Operators who trade machinery frequently may find that leasing or rollover ownership plans are more feasible for them than conventional purchase plans.

These options are discussed later. Replace something every year. A second approach is to try to replace one or two pieces of machinery every year. The goal is to spend about the same amount on new equipment each year. This avoids having to make a very large cash outlay in any one year. However, it also could result in replacing machinery before it is really necessary. This strategy often is used by operators who prefer to finance machinery purchases out of their annual cash flow rather than with borrowed money.

It works best when the net cash income of the operation is fairly constant from year to year or when significant cash reserves are available. Replace when cash is available. A third approach is to postpone major machinery purchases until a year when cash income is higher than average.

This keeps the machinery purchase from cutting into funds needed for other purposes such as family living and debt servicing. It also helps to level out income for income tax purposes, although rapid depreciation methods and the ability to use income averaging have made this less of a consideration than in previous years. The biggest disadvantage of this strategy is that it is very hard to predict when extra cash will be available.

Furthermore, a machine may become seriously unreliable before the business has sufficient funds to replace it. Keep it forever. Finally, some operators simply hang on to machinery until it reaches the point where it can no longer perform its intended function and is not worth renovating. This may be the least cost approach in the long run, but it runs the risk of a machine failing at a crucial time, or having to arrange financing on short notice.

The operator also must be willing to use less than the latest technology. Some older items can be relegated to less critical uses, such as keeping a second planter for a backup unit, or using an older tractor for jobs such as powering an auger or moving wagons.

This strategy works best for operators who have considerable flexibility in when they complete key field operations, and who have the skill, patience and facilities to do their own repair and maintenance work. Most farm equipment is still acquired under a conventional purchase plan. More and more major machinery items are being leased, however. Most are acquired with an operating lease , in which a fixed annual or semi-annual payment is made for several years, after which the machine can be returned to the dealer or leasing company or purchased for a predetermined price.

The lease payments are tax deductible as ordinary operating expenses. A finance lease is similar to an operating lease, but the operator is considered to be the owner of the machine, and is entitled to take depreciation deductions. The operator still can choose to keep the machine at the end of the lease period or return it. The final buyout price can be quite variable. In effect, the finance lease is equivalent to a conditional sales contract with a balloon payment at the end.

Another option is the rollover purchase plan, in which the operator purchases a new or nearly new piece of equipment from a dealer with the expectation that it will be exchanged for another model after one year or season. Often the purchase is financed with a company loan that accrues no interest until the date to trade.

At that point a cash payment is made, sometimes based on the hours of use accumulated on the model being returned. Both lease and rollover purchase plans minimize the direct cash outflows needed to acquire the use of a machine. The rollover plan also guarantees that the machine will be relatively new and have little or no repair cost.

For this same reason, it is usually the most expensive plan. For both a lease and a rollover, the operator will have built up no equity interest in the equipment at the end of the agreement. Estimated repair costs are assumed to be under warranty for all years in the rollover plan, but only in year one for the purchase and lease plans. The cash payments are shown as positive values. For the purchase plan the salvage value of the combine is shown as a negative outflow i.

Decision Tool A, Farm Machinery Financing Analyzer , can be used to compare alternative financing plans, with or without income tax effects. While saving taxes should never be the sole reason for purchasing machinery, income tax effects do need to be taken into account. Figure 2 shows the estimated total annual cost of the tractor in Figure 1 after subtracting income tax savings. In addition, depreciation expenses can be claimed according to IRS guidelines.

Note that in Figure 2 the net after-tax costs begin to rise after year five, when the tractor has been fully depreciated. Generally speaking, it is advantageous to depreciate a machinery item as rapidly as possible. This is due to the time value of money; that is, it is better to save taxes today and have the use of the funds longer, even if the total savings are the same in the long run.

Recent low interest rates have made this less important, however.

Agricultural machinery

Skip to main content Farm Machinery. Only 5 left in stock more on the way. Does not include enuf to show how the sheaves get bound by twine. But all the other equipment is effectively dealt with.

Agricultural machinery is machinery used in farming or other agriculture. There are many types of such equipment , from hand tools and power tools to tractors and the countless kinds of farm implements that they tow or operate.

Details on development of improved farm implements and machinery as seed drills for dry sowing of rice, energy requirements in agricultural sector, improved leveller, tractor harvester for rice, etc. Get information about improved post harvest processes, equipment and storage structure, Users can get details related to various agricultural engineering activities such as custom-hiring, live demonstrations, training programme, testing centres, etc. Information is given related to training programmes, schedule, eligibility, etc.

Farmers are Fighting Back

The year-old farmer lives on a small plot of land peppered with large agricultural machines including tractors, planters and a combine harvester. Parked up in front of his house is a bright red ton Case tractor which has tracks instead of wheels. Because farm machinery is now so high-tech, the only way to silence the error message is by plugging in a special diagnostic tool — essentially a computer loaded with troubleshooting software that connects to a port inside the tractor — to identify and resolve the problem. Only manufacturers and authorized dealers are allowed that tool, and they charge hundreds of dollars in call-out fees to use it. If I had the literature and capability to diagnose and fix it, it would already be done. Kyle is one of many farmers in the US fighting for the right to repair their equipment. They have an unlikely ally: repair shops for electronic items like iPhones, tablets and laptops who struggle to find official components and information to fix broken devices. This means the bill could benefit not just farmers but anyone who owns electronic goods. If this bill, officially named LB67, gets through, it may lead to a domino effect through the rest of the US, as happened with a similar battle over the right to repair cars. These Nebraska farmers are fighting for all of us.

Farm Machinery

We offer sales and service of outdoor power equipment and even provide automotive repair. Whether you need a chainsaw chain made, repairs to your car's engine, or just need a new mower, we are here to help. In business since , we service and repair all-terrain vehicles as well as outdoor power equipment including chainsaw sharpening and repair. Whatever you need, we are equipped and experienced, ensuring the job is done right at a fair price. Moreover, we strive to have your equipment back to you in a timely manner and guarantee all labor in addition to the manufacturer's warranty.

It is important to be safety-conscious when doing any job that requires the use of machinery. Statistics show that the majority of machinery-related accidents occur as the result of human negligence.

Heavy machinery, especially Mining, Industrial or Farming Equipment, requires constant maintenance to keep it in good working order. Conversely, poorly maintained large machinery equipment runs inefficiently. Breakdowns are costly and safety is also an important consideration.

Managing Machinery and Equipment

The fight for our right to repair the stuff we own has suffered a huge setback. As anyone who repairs electronics knows, keeping a device in working order often means fixing both its hardware and software. As an organization representing 2.

Naturally your driving skills will be excellent and you will need to be mechanically proficient with a wide variety of equipment. You should also be prepared to work as part of a team but also as a lone worker for periods of time as well. As much of farming is seasonal you can expect to be working for long hours during harvesting etc; you may also need to travel some distance between jobs if you are employed by an agricultural contractor who services a number of farms. Modern machines are highly technical and computerised and will have an enclosed cab with air conditioning for the operators comfort and safety, computers to drive and provide the operator with the information on the crops they are harvesting. In the various UK nations Agricultural Wages Boards set minimum wage levels and you can check these levels online for correct information. There is a large variety of qualifications that you can take which will assist with your career choice as an agricultural machine operator.

John Deere Just Swindled Farmers out of Their Right to Repair

A Midwest farming report states that farmers can cut repair costs by 25 percent by keeping up with routine maintenance. Plowing, harrowing, planting, reaping, threshing, and winnowing runs on its own schedule. Waiting for service people to arrive can significantly delay critical weather-dependent tasks. Hay must be cut in time to dry. Seed must be planted within a specific window of time.

Ensure the park brake is on and operating effectively before dismounting. Regular workshop maintenance of farm tractors and trailed implements can prevent  Missing: Product.

Tractors are the main cause of accidental deaths on farms. Over the years, many farmers, farm workers and others living on or visiting farms, have been killed or seriously injured falling from moving tractors, being run over by tractors, or being crushed when a tractor rolls sideways or backwards. Regularly check for hazards relating to tractors, attached implements and field conditions. Hazard areas could include mechanical parts, operator training, other people, work procedures, unsafe jacking, climatic conditions, chemicals used, uneven terrain, and any other potential causes of an injury or a hazardous incident. Keep a record to ensure identified hazards are assessed and controlled.

Maintenance & Management of Agricultural Equipments

Due to shortage in farm workers, farmers are not in a position to undertake various field operations in time. Hence, modernization of agriculture through Agricultural Mechanization is inevitable. Productivity of the farm depends considerably on the availability of farm power and its efficient use. The States which have higher farm power availability per hectare show higher productivity.

JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Machinery is expensive to own and operate. Purchasing equipment represents a major commitment of capital, which can have a major impact on both the solvency and liquidity of your business.

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Agricultural Machinery maintenance is very crucial for successful agricultural production. It aims the availability of machines and related equipment for cultivation operation. Moreover, it is one major cost for agriculture operations. Thus, the increased competition in agricultural production demands maintenance improvement, aiming at the reduction of maintenance expenditures while keeping the safety of operations.

No matching records found. Please try changing the filter settings. ISO Agricultural tractors — Remote control hydraulic cylinders for trailed implements. Agricultural tractors and machines — Engine test code bench test — Net power. Agricultural tractors and machines — Engine test code bench test — Net power — Amendment 1.

A complete line of machinery is one of the largest investments that a farm business can make. Yet, unlike land or buildings, machinery must be constantly monitored, maintained, and eventually replaced. How and when equipment is replaced can mean a difference of thousands of dollars in annual production costs. Farm record summaries point out some of the differences between the more profitable and the less profitable farms in Iowa.

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  1. Fenrilar

    It cannot be!