Storage industry flour confectionery
In any business, the proper tools for production and service can pave the way not only for success but also for a lot fewer headaches along the way. If you are thinking of opening a bakery or pastry shop, quality commercial bakery equipment is essential. Shopping from the large selection of available tools for bakers on the market, careful owners can stay within their startup budgets. An essential item for any bakery is an oven.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Automated bakery production line
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- Equipment Used in the Bakery Industry
- Baked Goods
- Solutions for the confectionery and baking industry, grain processing, pasta production
- What Quality Controls Do You Have in Your Bakery?
- Baking Terminology
- The main raw material for the manufacture of preserved pastry goods and storage
- Food Additives and Processing Aids used in Breadmaking
- 9 Types of Flour: What They Are and How to Use Them
Equipment Used in the Bakery Industry
The instructions set out the technological modes of production for each group and subgroup of products, taking into account the equipment of enterprises with technological equipment. The technological production scheme for each group and sub-groups of products are presented in the following form. Biscuit This type of product includes flour confectionery of various shapes, with low humidity and a significant amount of sugar and fat. There are two types of cookies - sugar and lingering.
Sugar cookies - brittle and porous are made from plastic, easy-to-roll dough. Long cookies - harder and less porous, made from elastic, elastic dough.
Technological scheme of the continuous-flow production line of sugar varieties of cookies: 1 — adoptive flour self-duster noria ; 2 — Burat; 3 — screw; 4 — flour self-tasker; 5 — bunker; 6 — Vertical Mine of Flour Dosing; 7 — Flour Level Control; 8 — flour dosing tape; 9 —- funnel for loading raw materials; 10 — emulsifier; 11 — emulsion pump; 12 — intermediate emulsion tank; 13 — tank of constant emulsion level; 14 — emulsion dosing pump; 15 — Pre-Bias Camera; 16 — kneader; 17 — belt conveyor; 18 - rotary molding machine; 19 — conveyor oven;.
Technological scheme of long grades of cookies: 1 — adoptive self-tasking flour; 2 — Burat; 3 — screw; 4 — flour self-tasker; 5 — bunker; 6 — autoweight; 7 — kneader; 8 - trolley for transportation of dough; 9 — milling machine; 10 — dough table; 11 — facial milling machine; 12 — Lightweight Punching Machine; 13 — conveyor oven; 14 — cooling cabinet; 15 - conveyor for transferring cookies to auto scales; 16 — vibrating autobalance for weighing cookies; 17 — a stack for placing cookies on the edge; 18 - machine for wrapping cookies in packs.
Raw materials and semi-finished products that are exempt from mechanical impurities, was weighed and charged into a batch mesilynye machine, which produces dough kneading. In the case of continuous dough kneading for sugar cookies, an emulsifier is preliminarily prepared with an emulsion of all the raw materials with the exception of flour. Mix the emulsion with the flour in a continuous kneader fig. The dough for sugar cookies shaped shtampmashinoy percussion or rotary machine, go to the machine type FPL, or manually.
Shtamp- before molding machine or manually rolled dough belt to a desired thickness. Baking molded dough produced in furnaces of various types, most often in tunnel, gas. After baking, cookies are cooled, and then it goes directly to the package or is pre-glazed.
Cookies are packaged in bundles most often on wrapping machines , as well as in boxes and placed in boxes. The technological process of making protracted cookies differs in that the dough is prepared in periodically operating kneading machines with other technological parameters. In addition, the dough for the protracted pastry is subjected to repeated rolling and curing before molding Fig. For biscuits made from flour I and II grades, the dough is rolled twice and is laid out between rolls, and the dough made from high-grade flour is baked again and rolled.
Forming a prolonged test is performed shtampmashinami percussion. Biscuits and crackers crackers Biscuits are simple, dietary - flour products of a rectangular shape, flat, with low humidity; intended for use instead of bread. Dry biscuits cracker - flour products of rectangular and round shape, differing from biscuits with a high fat content, layering and brittleness.
The technological process of preparation of simple biscuits and biscuits crackers begins with the preparation of sourdough. The crushed yeast is mixed with flour and water and maintained a certain time under optimal conditions.
Opara for simple and dietetic biscuits is prepared differently than Opara for biscuits. The finished dough together with the rest of the raw material is loaded into a kneader and kneaded dough.
The dough for the biscuits after kneading is rolled on a two-roll machine, then subjected to curing and rolled again, and then formed into a die-type die. Technological scheme of removable varieties of butter biscuits: 1 — flour self-tasker noria ; 2 - flour burat; 3 — bunker; 4 — autoweight; 5 — kneader; 5 - trolley for transportation of finished dough; 7 - rotary molding machine; 8 — conveyor oven; 9 — cooling cabinet; 10 — laying conveyor.
Stamped dough for biscuits are baked in tunnel gas ovens, then the products are cooled, packaged in packs and placed in boxes.
After molding, flavoring agents salt, cheese are applied to the surface of individual varieties of dry biscuits cracker , and the finished products are usually packaged in boxes and then placed in boxes. This group of cookies combines a diverse range of products, differing in shape, structure, taste and exterior finish. Accordingly, their production is carried out according to different technological schemes. Technological scheme of sand-removable cookies fig.
After sifting and straining, the raw material is weighed and loaded into a kneader in a specific sequence. Cooked dough is molded with a rotary machine or rolled to a certain thickness and stamped with a metal notch. The molded dough is baked, after which the products are cooled.
The surface finish of these products is made after forming the dough or after baking and cooling. Technological scheme whipped butter biscuit varieties: 1 — flour self-tasker noria ; 2 — flour burat; 3 — bunker; 4 — autoweight; 5 — whisk; 6 - forming-jigging machine; 7 — conveyor oven; 8 — cooling cabinet; laying conveyor.
Biscuits packaged in a box. The scheme of production of sand-jigging varieties of cookies differs from sand-removable in that part of the raw material for some varieties of products is knocked down beforehand, and then kneaded. For the formation of dough using the machine FAK or press machines, or syringe bags.
The technological scheme of the production of whipped varieties of cookies Fig. The technological scheme for the production of almond-nut varieties of cookies is completely different from the schemes for the production of other varieties of butter biscuits. Almonds with proteins and part of the sugar are passed through a three-roll mill and the rubbed mass is mixed with the rest of the raw materials.
The finished dough is deposited with syringe bags, after which the surface is most often trimmed with almonds, chopped fruit, stuffing or crumb. After baking, cookies are cooled and placed in boxes.
The technological scheme of the production of cookies such as crackers is peculiar and also differs from the previous schemes for the production of butter biscuits.
First, all raw materials, with the exception of raisins and flour, are knocked down, after which the resulting mass is mixed with brown bread and flour. The finished dough is formed by jigging bags, then baked. After cooling, the products stand for about an hour. This production scheme is used for cookies "bread".
Technological scheme of production of gingerbreads: 1, 4 — flour self-drag; 2 — flour burat; 3 — screw; 5 — bunker; 6 — autoweight; 7 — kneader; 6 — trolley; 9 — molding jigging machine; 10 — conveyor oven; 11 — cooling cabinet; 12 — transfer conveyor; 13 — conveyor for cooling products; 14 — snubber; 15 — Steam Jacket for Syrup; 16 — an apparatus for glazing gingerbread; 17 — dryer; 18 — laying conveyor; 19 — styling products.
After that, the dough is rolled out in the form of a loaf, then cooled, cut into slices and baked. Chilled after baking slices are placed in boxes. Gingerbread Flour confectionery products of various shapes, containing a large amount of sugary substances and various spices, are called gingerbread.
Depending on the method of gingerbread dough divided into raw and custard. According to the size and shape of the gingerbread are divided into small round, oval, curly , loaves rectangular and gingerbread. The technological process of cooking custard gingerbread can be schematically represented as follows. In the prepared sugar-honey or sugar-sugar, or sugar-honey-syrup at a certain temperature load the flour and mix into the kneading tion machine to obtain a homogeneous mass brewed Fig.
The brew is cooled and then mixed with all the other raw materials provided for in the recipe. In addition, the dough can be molded by stampers or by hand. In this case, the dough is pre-rolled to the required thickness of the layer. The molded dough is baked, and the cakes are baked after baking, and then glazed. To do this, chilled gingerbread is loaded into a rotating pot and poured over a specially prepared sugar syrup. After that, the gingerbread is dried and left to appear on the surface of crystallized sugar, and then placed in boxes or boxes.
The technological scheme for the preparation of raw gingerbread differs from the scheme for preparing custard gingerbread in that the flour is not brewed in syrup, and all the raw materials provided for in the recipe are loaded into the kneader in a specific sequence.
In addition, some varieties of raw gingerbread are not glazed. Along with these two main types of gingerbread, the technological mode of making gingerbread with a slightly different production scheme carried out in Germany is known. The honey or syrup is first heated and then cooled. To the cooled syrup add flour and knead the dough, after which the dough is laid out under certain conditions.
After curing, the dough is kneaded with the rest of the raw materials provided by the recipe, then molded with dough presses and baked. After cooling, the gingerbread is glazed with sugar, fat or chocolate coating, most often on the glazing machines, and then packaged.
Wafers Waffles are finely porous sheets, sandwiched with filling, or without filling. All raw materials are sieved or filtered, and then in a certain sequence are loaded into a sbivalem machine, where the dough is prepared.
The finished dough comes in waffle irons - ovens in which waffle sheets are baked. After baking, the wafer sheets are set and then a layer of filling is applied on them with a spreading machine. Wafer layers sandwiched with a filling stand, then cut into rectangular pieces and wrapped in bundles. Figured waffles after jigging filling and vystoyki cut down, and then placed in boxes.
Technological scheme of thread-mechanized production of wafers: 1 — adoptive self-tasking flour; 2 — Burat; 3 — screw; 4 — flour self-tasker; 5 — bunker; 6 — flour dispenser; 7 — emulsion breaker; 8 — pump; 9 — intermediate tank for emulsion of phosphatides and water; 10 — intermediate tank for an emulsion from all types of raw materials except flour ; 11 - leveling tank; 12 — emulsion dispenser; 13 — uninterrupted mixer; 14 — a continuously operating chucking machine; 15 — intermediate dough tank; 16 - oven for baking waffles; 17 — conveyor for cooling wafer sheets; 18 — Rolling for grinding wafer trimmings; 19 — tempering machine for making the filling; 20 — spreading head; 21 — waffle cooling chamber; 22 - cutting machine; 23 - machine for wrapping waffles; 24 — intermediate tank for the filling.
Wafers like "Dynamo" are not sandwiched with filling and, after baking and cooling, are placed in boxes. Some varieties of waffles glazed with chocolate. At present, the optimal technological mode of the flow - mechanized production of wafers has been developed, which has already been partially implemented and should be introduced in a number of enterprises in the near future Fig.
The preparation of one hundred for wafer sheets is carried out in a two-section continuously operating chucking machine, by pre-mixing and then beating the flour with the prepared emulsion from the rest of the raw materials.
The preparation of the emulsion for the wafer-dough consists of two successive phases: preliminary preparation of the emulsion from raw lecithin food phosphatides and water, and the subsequent preparation of an emulsion from all types of raw materials except flour , including lecithin emulsion.
The finished dough from the intermediate tank is supplied to the receiving tanks wafer furnaces. After baking wafer sheets, previously exempt from molasses, waffle irons are removed mechanically and placed on a mesh conveyor for cooling. On the conveyor, the wafer sheets are not only cooled, but also moved to a two-head spreading machine.
The wafer sheet in a strictly fixed position is fed under the first head of the spreading machine, where a layer of filling is applied on its surface.
After that, the other wafer sheet is mechanically placed on the lubricated sheet and the sandwiched layer goes under the second spreading head, where these operations are repeated again. Wafer layers are cooled in the refrigerating chamber, and then subjected to cutting, wrapping and laying in the box. Cakes and pies This category includes high-calorie confectionery products with a high content of fat, sugar and eggs, or only sugar and eggs, with a variety of finish baked semi-finished products.
Despite the variety of varieties of these products, the technological scheme of production can be reduced to three main phases. Preparation of the ground baked semi-finished products. Preparation of semi-finished decorating. Layer, filling and finishing the main semi-finished product. The technological process of making baked semi-finished products consists mainly of kneading or churning dough, cutting and forming dough, baking and cooling semi-finished products. Finishing semi-finished products are a variety of creams, pomades, gels, syrups for soaking baked semi-finished products, fruit and berry harvesting, nuts, almonds and so on.
The largest share among finishing semi-finished products is cream, which is a luxuriant mass, obtained by vigorous churning of raw materials.
Cakes differ from cakes in large sizes and more complex artistically executed decoration.
All-Purpose Flour — This is a wheat flour that is made from the milling of hard wheat or a mixture of hard and soft wheat. It can be bleached or not and is often enriched with iron and the vitamins folic acid, riboflavin, folic acid, niacin. All-purpose flour is commonly used in homes for noodles, cookies, cakes, quick breads, pastries, and certain yeast breads. Amaranth Flour — Amaranth flour is milled from amaranth seeds, and since it lacks gluten, it can only be used in yeast breads if it is combined with a wheat flour. Many people enjoy this flour due to its strong flavor that is particularly well suited for savory pastries or breads.
Quality Control in the Food Industry, Volume 2 focuses on quality control in the food industry, emphasizing the controllable factors that affect the quality of the finished product, including the selection of raw materials, processing, packaging, storage, and distribution. The book describes the principles of quality control in industries such as soft drinks; dairy products; flour and bread; flour confectionery; meat and fish, and their products; and edible fats and oils. This volume is organized into seven chapters and begins with an overview of the various uses of water in the food industry, along with standards and methods of treatment of wastewaters produced by food manufacturers. The book then systematically discusses the quality tests in the dairy industry; quality control for flour and flour confectionery, including pastry and cakes; and quality control methods for manufactured meat products.
Solutions for the confectionery and baking industry, grain processing, pasta production
Figure 1. Figure 2. Wheat Figure 1A flour is the product obtained by grinding whole wheat kernels, sometimes called berries Figure 1B. A wheat kernel consists of three parts — the bran, germ, and endosperm Figure 2. During the milling process, these three parts are separated and recombined to make different types of flour. For example, white flour is composed of the finely ground endosperm, while whole wheat flour contains all three parts of the kernel. Other common types of flour include all-purpose, bread, cake, self-rising, pastry, semolina, durum, and gluten flours. There are six classes of wheat grown in the U. These classes have unique characteristics, particularly protein and gluten content, and are used to make different types of foods. Flours made from hard wheats have higher protein content and are typically used for making breads.
What Quality Controls Do You Have in Your Bakery?
Bakers are finding success by offering a variety of products that attract not only health-minded shoppers but also those craving classic indulgence. Accelerating retail growth can be boiled down to one overarching objective: Reach the right shoppers. These demographic changes make it harder to win with mass-marketing techniques. Brands have more capacity for innovation and the ability to target niche markets, and they invest in research to understand where new opportunities will arise.
The main processing aids used are enzymes. Historically, market trends have developed from the use of ingredients in greater quantities - to obtain specific effects in bread such as fat for crumb softness - to the use of additives at much lower levels max. We will describe the food additives used under each class, individually describing their mode of action and effects on dough rheology, during the breadmaking process, and on product quality.
Flour is a pretty obvious baking essential. All-purpose flour. Bread flour. Cake flour. Pastry flour. The list goes on.
The main raw material for the manufacture of preserved pastry goods and storage
The global vegan baking ingredients market size was valued at USD 1. The growth of the market is attributed to increase in the number of people adapting to veganism, rise in demand for vegan baking ingredients, and continuous research and development in this market. Moreover, rise in the number of vegan outlets and expansion in these products offered by the food chains are expected to drive the market. For instance, Germany has a number of vegan restaurants in its capital Berlin, Lucky Leek being one of them that serves vegan based pancakes and burgers. The market for vegan food products has been facing severe competition, resulting in an expansion in the product offering. For instance, in South Korea, a Starbucks outlet expanded its vegan products range by adding vegan focaccia bread in its menu, thereby generating the market demand. Due to the rise in competition in this market, the food manufacturers are coming up with new products and expanding their distribution facilities to cater to the increasing consumer demand. For instance, in , Bakels opened up a new distribution centre in Bicester with 80, square foot facility, dedicated to the storage of finished goods in order to cater to the increasing demand for these ingredients.
The instructions set out the technological modes of production for each group and subgroup of products, taking into account the equipment of enterprises with technological equipment. The technological production scheme for each group and sub-groups of products are presented in the following form. Biscuit This type of product includes flour confectionery of various shapes, with low humidity and a significant amount of sugar and fat.
Food Additives and Processing Aids used in Breadmaking
Is that box of flour in the back of your pantry still usable? Does sugar ever expire? Here's what you need to know about dry goods and food safety.
9 Types of Flour: What They Are and How to Use Them
Its recent growth strategy has been centred on repositioning itself to become the Baked goods in Brazil is dominated by packaged and unpackaged leavened bread as these are typically the most popular types of bread in the country. Despite growing health concerns in Portugal, notably related to the sugar and fat content within packaged food, local consumers continued to indulge by purchasing pastries and cakes, in both packaged and unpackaged formats. Artisanal bakeries
Products and Services:. Germany Bakery equipment FC Equipment for bakery, confectionary and dairy industries from raw materials to finished products. Equipment for packaging of bulky goods and confectionary products. Selection, supply, installation and maintenance. Turn-key project, innovative equipment for candies, pralines and pastry.
Synapse Info. Handbook of Preservatives. Michael Ash. This handbook contains comprehensive information on more than trade names and generic chemicals and materials that are used in a broad range of formulations to prevent the contamination and decomposition of end products. Product degradation can be caused by exposure to oxygen, ozone, bacteria, molds, yeast, mildew, and fungi. This handbook contains comprehensive information on a variety of preservatives available from major chemical manufacturers and can expedite the material selection process for chemists, formulators and purchasing agents by providing the answers to these questions:?
Flour Confectionery Manufacture. As the manufacture of flour confectionery has developed from a craft, reliant on the skills of its workers, to a mechanised industry, it has become necessary to understand the principles underlying the processes involved. This book provides up to date information on the nature of raw materials, the types of equipment available and the changes which occur during processing. An objective approach to the description of products is outlined and recipes are given as possible starting points.